Albania is usually referred to as one of
Europe's poorest countries. However, thanks to strong
economic growth during the first decade of the 2000s,
poverty has been at least partially combated. Nowadays,
about one in seven Albanians are estimated to live in
Most of the poor live in the isolated mountain
regions, although poverty also occurs in slum-like areas
of the cities. Many can only do it thanks to their own
farms and money that relatives abroad send home.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Albania, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Conditions are generally worse for the Roma
population than for other residents. The Romans have the
worst housing, receive the worst education and are more
often than others exposed to crime. Anti-discrimination
laws exist but are often inadequate or often not
Child mortality has decreased but is still slightly
higher than in most neighboring countries.
When collective agriculture was discontinued and the
detention camps were closed after the fall of the
communist regime in 1991, the urban population is
estimated to have increased by half a million people,
which meant that slums grew with limited access to water
and sewage. Nowadays, most Albanians have access to
clean water and simpler wastewater systems, although
there are many disruptions in water supply.
Health care is inadequate, especially in rural areas.
The hospitals are often in poor condition and lack
equipment. There is just over one doctor per 1,000
residents, the lower figure in the Balkans.
The social security systems give entitlement to
pension, sickness benefit and parental leave. There have
been investments in introducing social assistance and
unemployment benefits, but the resources for this are
small. Contributions are low and include only certain
groups. Pension payments are a heavy expense for the
state. Reforms from 2014 and 2015 mean that the
retirement age will be raised to 67 for both men and
women by 2056.
Albanian society is largely characterized by customer
thinking. Especially in the countryside, the residents'
loyalty to the family and the clan is strong. These
social networks have been important when society's
insurance system fails. An old law of revenge,
the canon law, which means that a murder is
answered by killing a male relative of the murderer, has
come to life after the fall of communism. Especially in
northern Albania, many families are believed to live
isolated in their homes because of fear of revenge.
According to the canon, the home is a protected
zone, but outside it children also risk being murdered.
Albania is often described as a distinctly
patriarchal society, where the woman is subordinate to
the man. This is particularly evident in the countryside
and the north. Forced marriage occurs. Domestic violence
and discrimination against women are among the country's
most common violations of human rights. The gender
differences are most noticeable in the labor market and
in education. However, the representation of women in
Parliament has steadily increased during the 2000s and
Governments have made efforts to strengthen
children's rights, but there are still many
shortcomings. Child labor occurs. Most of the street
children are of Roman origin.
Homosexuality was decriminalized in 1995 and LGBT
people are protected by law against discrimination, but
same-sex couples have neither the right to marry nor
adopt children, nor do they have the same legal
protection as heterosexual couples. The tolerance of
same-sex couples is limited among the general public.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
8 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
91.4 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
97.7 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.8 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
$ 272 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
28 percent (2018)
The EU abolishes visa requirements for Albanian
The EU rejects Albania's request to be a candidate
country for membership but abolishes the visa
requirement for Albanian citizens who wish to enter the
The Minister of Economy is forced to resign
Finance Minister Dritan Prifti is accused of
involvement in a corruption business and is forced to
leave his post.
Socialists initiate hunger strike
The Socialist Party PS launches a civil disobedience
campaign against the government to get a recast of the
votes in the 2009 elections. A number of leading PS
politicians are starving. Ever since the election in
July of the previous year, PS members have periodically
boycotted the work in Parliament in protest of what they
consider to be election fraud.