The gap between poor and rich is great in
Algeria. Around a quarter of the population is estimated
to live in poverty. The most widespread is poverty among
landless farmers in the mountains in the north and in
the border areas to the desert in the south.
The civil war in the 1990s hit the Algerians hard. Up
to 200,000 lost their lives, most civilians. Thousands
of the victims were children. Violence has declined
sharply since the 1990s.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Algeria, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
The housing shortage is screaming and is partly due
to the rapid move into the cities. Congestion helps to
prevent infectious diseases such as tuberculosis.
Health care improved significantly after independence
in 1962, but the standard soon dropped again due to a
shortage of trained personnel, technical equipment and
medicines. During the 1990s civil war, the care
situation worsened even more and medicines for huge
amounts had to be imported from France. Nowadays health
care in the big cities is far better than in rural
areas, where the shortage of staff, medicines and
equipment is still great. Health care has been free
since the 1970s. Success is also being reported for
disease control, such as the country being declared
malaria-free in 2019 after three years with no cases
Algeria's long-standing political ties with China
(see Foreign Policy and Defense) also leave traces in
the health field. Shortly after independence, there is a
permanent exchange, where Algeria has access to Chinese
doctors in areas such as obstetrics and surgery. Staff
are recruited in Hubei Province, which happened to be
the starting point for covid-19 disease. In connection
with the virus pandemic 2020, part of the assistance to
Algeria came from China.
The average age of the population is low, and youth
unemployment is one of the country's major problems.
Government employees and certain occupational groups
are covered by a social insurance system with the right
to, among other things, pensions and disability
benefits, but pension systems are insufficient.
According to the Constitution, women and men are
equal, but in reality women are discriminated against.
The law is partly based on strict Islamic law, Sharia.
Women have the right to seek work, divorce, own their
own home and take care of the children on their own. A
man may have several wives, but it is unusual. Most
marriages are arranged. Forced marriage is not allowed.
Nowadays, the nuclear family does not live with the
man's family of origin to the same extent as before
independence, but creates their own home. It is not
uncommon for many children. Child rearing is usually
taken care of by the women.
The women who work outside the home are mainly found
in education, health care and the judiciary.
Violence against women is common. According to
Algerian statistics, 100–200 women die a year after
domestic abuse. Women were also disproportionately hit
by violence and abuse during the civil war. Many who
were subjected to sexual violence were displaced by
their families and have found it difficult to get help
from the state.
Domestic violence, including marital rape, is not
punishable. It is difficult to run a legal process
within the family.
Abortion is prohibited except if women's health is at
Homosexuality is prohibited by law and predominantly
taboo in society. Despite this, there are open networks
with support features for gays.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
20 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
93.5 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
87.6 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
7.1 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 260 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
26 percent (2018)
Purge in the intelligence service
Bouteflika deprives the DRS intelligence service of
three sub-units, and three DRS officers were forced to
retire while a fourth was put under investigation.
Detention order for ex-minister
The state prosecutor issues an international arrest
warrant for former Oil Minister Chakib Khelil for his
role in the now widening corruption scandal within
Sonatrach (see January 2010). Khelil's
wife and two children are also among a total of eight
people who are wanted. Khelil is abroad.
Worried at the border
Algeria strengthens its troops presence in the border
area against Tunisia, after eight Tunisian soldiers were
killed on the other side of the border. Algeria and
Tunisia have also increased the exchange of intelligence
information on Islamists active in the area.
President back after sick leave
President Bouteflika returns from France where he was
taken in April after being described as a mini-stroke.
The 76-year-old president's absence has caused some
criticism. Both doctors and Prime Minister Sellal have
assured that there is no danger.
Terrorist act against natural gas plant
More than 30 al-Qaeda- linked terrorists attack the
Tigantourine natural gas plant in In Amenas, in the
southeast near the border with Libya. Over 800 employees
are taken hostage. The army surrounds the facility and a
hostage frame follows. When the drama is over after
three days, at least 39 foreign nationals and 29
terrorists have been killed. The foreigners include
citizens from, among others, Norway and the United
Kingdom; the gas field is managed by the state-owned oil
company Sonatrach together with British BP and Norwegian
Statoil. The perpetrators are said to have been
Algerians who crossed the border from Libya. Their
leader Mokthar Belmokthar is a former commander of Aqim
who now leads a group called al-Murabitoun.
RND leaders resign
Ahmed Ouyahia leaves the post as party leader for RND,
a post he has held since 1998.