In the reports that the United Nations
Development Program (UNDP) annually publishes on
developments in the countries of the world, Australia
belongs to the top tier. Such assessments have included
such things as life expectancy, health, knowledge,
education, living standards and human rights. However,
the description does not correspond to the country's
urinals, who live in far more difficult conditions than
the rest of the population.
The foundation of Australia's social security system
was laid in the early 1900s. This now includes pensions,
health insurance, unemployment benefits and disability
insurance and more. The right to paid parental leave has
varied greatly, currently 18 weeks of paid leave
applies, but you can stay home from work for a total of
12 months without compensation.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Australia, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is well developed. Since many Australians
live in isolation, there is also airborne medical care.
Through the 1984 healthcare reform, Medicare, all basic
public health care became free of charge. However, some
medical expenses have to be paid by the patient. About
half of the residents also have private health insurance
in order to receive private care. Some drugs are also
subsidized. One problem in health care is that many are
cared for in hospitals for illnesses that could have
been previously treated in primary care or prevented
through health information. Despite this, the health
situation is relatively good.
There are few women in top positions in business and
politics. After the 2016 elections, about 30 percent of
the members of parliament were women. Women's
trafficking is prohibited by law, but it is still
relatively common, especially in Aboriginal families.
A large part of the indigenous population lives in
difficult social conditions. Attempts to integrate
Aborigines into the rest of society have not been very
successful. Unemployment is far higher among urine
residents than among whites. The health situation is
considerably worse with about ten years of shorter
average life. Social exclusion is common, with crime,
alcoholism and suicide as a result.
A number of projects have been aimed at promoting the
rights of indigenous peoples. In 2007, the campaign
"Close the Gap" was launched, which aims to reduce the
gaps between indigenous people and the rest of the
population. In a follow-up report 2016, it was noted
that progress was made in only two of seven priority
areas - reducing child mortality and increasing the
number of students leaving high school - while major
challenges remained, including health and employment.
Australia has long been one of the few Western
countries that lacked legislation that allows same-sex
marriage. In the fall of 2017, the statistical
authority, on behalf of the government, conducted a
postal vote among Australians for two months. After the
yes side won the vote, in December 2017 Parliament
approved a proposal to allow same-sex marriage (see also
A large number of organizations work to promote the
rights of LGBT people in the country and in Sydney the
largest pride parade in the world is held each year.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
3 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
100.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
100.0 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
9.4 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 5,002 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
29 percent (2018)
Arrested for planned terrorist act
Prime Minister Abbott states that there has been
increased activity among "terrorist sympathizers"
following the hostage-land raid in Sydney. Two men are
arrested in the city, suspected of planning terrorist
acts. The arrests are said to be linked to the raids
conducted in September 2014.
Hostage drama in Sydney
Two people are killed in a hostage frame in Sydney.
The perpetrator, an Iranian, is also killed in
connection with the police storming the cafe where 17
people have been detained.
New criticized immigration legislation
New controversial immigration legislation is approved
in Parliament. The law gives refugees the right to a
temporary residence permit for between three and five
years. The law is criticized for not giving refugees any
security in the longer term.
Refugees have to wait
The government decides that asylum seekers who went
to Indonesia to apply for asylum in Australia through
the UNHCR refugee organization should not have their
applications processed after 1 July 2014.
Plans for reduced emissions
The government is settling with a conservative small
party and two senators on a plan to get companies to cut
their carbon emissions. According to the plan, a fund
will be established and funds from the fund will be used
to pay companies that reduce their emissions or switch
to environmentally friendly energy.
Australia in violation of IS
The government announces that the country will
contribute fighter aircraft to the US-led military
operation against the Islamic State in Iraq (see Iraq:
Calendar). Australia is also sending special forces to
assist the Iraqi military with advice.
The level of terrorist threats is raised
The government announces that the level of terrorist
threat is raised to "high", the second highest step on
the terrorist threat scale, which includes four levels.
Previously, the threat was classified as "medium". The
reason for the increase is the growing number of
Australians who have joined the Islamic State or any
other militant Islamist movement in the Middle East and
are now beginning to return to Australia. Just a few
days later, the police arrest 15 people suspected of
planning terrorist acts. The people are said to be
radical Islamists with ties to the Islamic State, some
of whom have returned from Syria and Iraq. Their plan
was to film how they cut the heads of someone picked up
from the street.
Elimination of carbon dioxide tax
The Senate votes to abolish the so-called carbon tax
that Labor introduced in July 2012 and which the
bourgeois government promised to abolish. The lower
house has previously voted for the same proposal and the
tax is thus withdrawn. Instead, the government wants to
try to get companies to save energy and reduce their
emissions by offering them various forms of benefits.
Refugee policy receives further criticism
Australia's refugee policy raises new headlines as
authorities tow a boat with 41 refugees to Sri Lanka.
Human rights activists and the UN Refugee Commission
UNHCR accuses the country of violating the rights of
refugees when they have their cases assessed at sea. The
Supreme Court is preventing the authorities from
bringing back another boat with 153 refugees from India.
Eventually, these refugees are released ashore in
Australia but later transferred to the island nation of
Nauru. Since the summer of 2013, Nauru has been
welcoming refugees arriving in Australian territory.
Several thousand students in several major cities
protest against planned cuts and changes in higher
Plans for reduced budget deficit
The government announces that it plans to halve the
budget deficit in 2015, among other things through cuts
and tax increases.
New immigration authority
A new authority is formed for immigration and customs
issues. The aim is to make the handling of these issues
more efficient while at the same time tightening border
controls. More patrol boats will also have oversight of
The Court in The Hague shall resolve a dispute
The International Court of Justice in The Hague will
resolve a dispute between East Timor and Australia over
an agreement on oil and gas revenues in the Timor Sea
from 2006. East Timor claims that the agreement
disadvantages the country. In addition, East Timor
claims that Australia should have eavesdropped East
Timorian key personnel in connection with the signing of
the agreement. In November, Australia conducted a house
search against one of East Timor's legal representatives
in Canberra and seized documentation in the dispute.
Refugees sent back
Several reports say Australian vessels stopped and
sent back boats with refugees to Indonesia. In
connection with these maneuvers, Australian vessels have
accidentally entered Indonesian waters. The Australian
government sends a formal apology to the Indonesian
government, which is critical to the rejection of
refugees while relations are already frosty due to the
disclosures last year (see November 2013) that Australia
was intercepting Indonesian President Yudhoyono.
Australia is also being criticized by human rights
organizations for dealing with refugees, while the UN
Refugee Agency UNHCR will investigate whether the
country has violated international law when the refugees