The average standard of living in the Bahamas
is high, but the social differences within the country
are large. The tens of thousands of Haitians living in
the country often live in shanty towns with poorer
standards and hygienic conditions than most others.
Welfare is relatively well developed. Social benefits
exist, as do sickness and parental insurance and
pensions. Health care is partially tax-financed. Public
hospitals are located in Nassau and Freeport. On several
other islands there are health centers. A flying
healthcare service reaches out to other islands. There
are also private hospitals and clinics.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Bahamas, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Drug smuggling and organized crime have risen sharply
since the turn of the millennium. The murder rate more
than doubled in a few years, to almost 40 per 100,000
residents in 2015. This means one of the highest
murder rates in the region. Only half of the murders
lead to trial.
Violence against women is a widespread problem,
especially within the family, where it is not
prohibited. A proposal to ban discrimination on grounds
of gender was voted down in 2016. The proposal was one
of several in a referendum on increased gender equality,
which the voters rejected with a large majority.
Child abuse is also a widespread problem, including
from parents. The government and individual
organizations have conducted information campaigns to
reduce the problem.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
8 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
1.8 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.5 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.6 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
97.8 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
94.9 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
7.4 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
1 835 US dollars (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
13 percent (2018)