Social security systems are well developed in
Bahrain. The country's own citizens are entitled to
sickness and unemployment insurance as well as old-age
The standard of living for citizens is relatively
high and their life expectancy is among the highest in
the region. Child mortality has dropped significantly
since the 1970s. There is a well-developed public
healthcare system and private healthcare has developed
rapidly in line with the rising standard of living.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Bahrain, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is free of charge or heavily subsidized
for the nation's citizens. Foreigners who are uninsured
pay a patient fee, but emergency care is free for
everyone. Since 2019, employers must take out health
insurance for foreign employees.
Despite the shortcomings, the situation for women in
Bahrain is far better than in neighboring countries. In
the years following the turn of the millennium, several
legislative changes were implemented that have improved
women's living conditions.
Bahraini women are allowed to own and inherit
property, have their own passports and travel abroad
without the permission of a male relative. They can also
choose what clothes they want to wear. Labor law does
not discriminate against women, but in practice the
labor market is not equal. Women receive lower wages
than men for the same work and it is more difficult for
women to reach higher positions in working life.
There are some differences in, among other things,
inheritance rules between Shia Muslims and Sunni
Muslims, but generally in accordance with the Islamic
tradition, brothers inherit more than siblings and that
it is easier for men than for women to get divorced.
Sunni Muslim women are guaranteed custody of children
longer than Shiite women. On average, women in Bahrain
give birth to two children.
In 2007, a minimum age limit for marriage was
introduced: 15 years for girls, 18 years for boys.
Previously, no minimum age was established by law. In
recent years, there have been proposals that the lowest
marriage age should be raised to 18 years even for
In 2006, for the first time, the government supported
the establishment of a support center for persons
subjected to abuse by relatives. A law on protection
against domestic abuse was passed in 2015.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
6 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
100.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
100.0 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
5.2 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
$ 1,099 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
8 percent (2018)