On paper, the authorities of Belarus
(Belarus) guarantee full employment, the right to
school, care, care and pension. However, many years of
financial difficulties made many Belarusians unemployed
and degraded social benefits. Sky high inflation eroded
the value of pensions and other benefits. Wealth is
nowadays described as crisp but evenly distributed.
The proportion of people living in poverty, according
to official figures, has decreased, seen over several
decades. There are several measures of poverty that can
be used, but the World Bank described the change like
this in a 2017 report: from nearly 42 percent poor at
the turn of the millennium to just under 6 percent in
2016. But almost half of households spend half their
disposable income on food.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Belarus, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Compared to other former Soviet republics, except for
the Baltics, Belarus has relatively high social and
economic development. The distribution of income is
relatively even. Belarus does not have the great
contrasts between the poor and the rich, as in, for
example, Russia. But poverty is still more pronounced in
rural areas, where many households still lack running
water and central heating. For many people in the
countryside, their own crops play a big role in
The retirement age was previously 55 years for women
and 60 years for men. In 2016, however, President
Lukashenko decided to gradually raise it to 58 years for
women and 63 years for men to 2022. The average life
expectancy for men is clearly shorter than that for
women. In 2018, a man could expect to live to 69 years,
a woman to 79.
A doctor from the MSF, in 2019, described resistant
tuberculosis (which resists antibiotics) as one of the
more difficult problems for Belarusian healthcare.
Often, the picture of the disease is related to the
patient's abuse of alcohol. Other diseases also spread
under these conditions.
Drug abuse is behind the widespread spread of HIV /
AIDS, but access to medicines for diseases such as HIV /
AIDS and hepatitis C has improved in recent years thanks
to the fact that it has been possible to produce cheap
How the 1986 nuclear accident in Chernobyl (in
neighboring Ukraine) has affected the general health
situation is debated. After the disaster, Belarussian
scientists have linked the radiation from the wrecked
reactor to a series of diseases and malformations in
people from the affected areas. However, these findings
are refuted by the United Nations World Health
Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA), which in their reports state that the
only consequence to health that has been proven so far
is an increase in the number of thyroid cancer cases in
children. That increase, on the other hand, is dramatic.
In ten years, it increased from two new cases a year to
almost 2,000 cases a year.
Women make up about half of the workforce and Belarus
is considered the most equal country among the former
Soviet republics. However, women are underrepresented in
politics and at top positions in, for example, business
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991,
homosexuality has been formally legal in Belarus, but
homosexuals are often subjected to threats and
harassment. In 2013, the Ministry of Justice rejected an
application from the organization Gaybelarus to get
officially registered, which is a prerequisite for being
able to work openly. The Ministry justified the
rejection that the organization's statutes "do not
promote the social maturity and general development of
Belarusian youth". Gaybelarus said it wanted to defend
the rights of gay, bisexual and transsexual people.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
3 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.5 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
98.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
97.8 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.1 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 318 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
35 percent (2018)
Government reformed - new head of government
Lukashenko is reforming the government and Mikhail Mjasnikovich becomes new
prime minister after Sergei Sidorsky.
Lukashenko wins big
Presidential elections are held and according to the Election Commission,
Lukashenko receives 79.7 percent of the votes, against 2.5 percent for the
nearest challenger Andrej Sannikau. The turnout is stated to be 90 percent. OSCE
election observers are prevented from attending the voting count, and half of
the cases they can observe are handled poorly or very poorly.
Decision on Presidential Election
Decides that the presidential election will be held on December 19, several
months earlier than expected and earlier than the Constitution stipulates;
Editor of Charter 97 found hanging
The regime-critical journalist Aleh Byabenin, editor of Charter 97, is found
hanged. According to police, he has committed suicide, but many suspect crimes.
His website has been pressurized by the regime.
Russian Gazprom reduces deliveries
Russian gas company Gazprom reduces its gas deliveries to Belarus by 60
percent. As a reason, unpaid bills are stated, but Lukashenko threatens to stop
Russian gas through Belarus to the rest of Europe.
Activist sentenced to prison
A regime-critical activist is sentenced to multi-year prison sentences.
The Raid against Charter 97
Police conduct a raid against the Democratic Movement's Charta 97 office in
Minsk. Several journalists are beaten and computers seized.