Burkina Faso is one of the world's poorest
countries. In the UN agency UNDP's index of human
development (HDI), Burkina Faso ended up in position 181
of 187 in 2014. The worst is the location in the arid
desert areas of the northern part of the country.
Life expectancy is low, 57 years for men and 60 years
for women (2013). Although vaccination programs have
been implemented, child mortality is among the highest
in the world. Every third child that survives is
inhibited in the plant due to nutritional deficiencies.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Burkina Faso, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is neglected. The hospitals are congested
and poorly equipped. In 2010, Burkina Faso was reported
to have five doctors per 100,000 residents. In isolated
country ends, the medical shortage can be significantly
greater than that. However, the government is investing
heavily in health care in its poverty reduction program.
The health problems are huge. Malnutrition and lack
of hygiene help to spread disease. In 2012, more than
eight in ten residents had access to clean water, but
less than one fifth of the population had access to
proper sewage. Malaria, seashell fever (bilharzia) and
sleep disorders are common parasitic diseases. Outbreaks
of meningitis are common during the dry period. Some
years, thousands of people have died in the epidemics.
Less than one percent of the adult population (15-49
years) is estimated to be HIV-infected. Comprehensive
information campaigns have limited the spread of
The state has also invested in information to stop
female genital mutilation, which has been banned by law
since 1996. The proportion of sexually abused girls is
reported to have decreased to less than half.
Women are usually subordinate to men in Burkinian
society. Polygamy occurs and is not prohibited. Women
have so far participated to a small extent in politics.
A low proportion of MPs are women, and in 2016, seven
out of 30 government ministers were women. Although
children under 14 cannot work, child labor is common.
Prostitution and arranged marriage occur among children.
The family and family are central to most burkinier
lives. The nuclear family is responsible for providing
for relatives who are unable to support themselves.
Three or four families from the same family often live
under the same roof. For Burkinians with a formal
employment there is an old-age pension and a social
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
49 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.7 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.4 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
53.9 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
19.4 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
5.4 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 41 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
11 percent (2018)
Death abuse by Zongo gives prison
Three police officers are sentenced to long prison
sentences for abusing student Justin Zongo, who died in
police custody. Zongo's death triggered extensive
student protests (see February 2011).
Elite forces strike down soldier insurgency
Rebellious soldiers have continued with looting and
gunfire in the country's "economic capital"
Bobo-Dioulasso. At least seven people are killed before
the situation is brought under control. Nearly 100
soldiers are arrested for involvement in the uprising,
according to the military.
Protests against price increases are growing
Tens of thousands of people take part in recurring
demonstrations against rising living costs. The protests
later force the government into financial concessions,
including lower income taxes.
Soldier protests continue despite new government
A number of soldiers are protesting against missed
housing subsidies by setting buildings on fire, firing
sharply at the presidential palace and looting.
Compaore's counterpart will be to impose a nightly
curfew and dissolve the government. Compaoré appoints
Luc-Adolph Tiao as new prime minister. His new
government promises increased compensation to the
soldiers. But the unrest continues. In Koudougou, the
mayor's house, a market and a military headquarters are
set on fire. The following month , the government makes
some financial concessions, including income tax cuts.
The universities are closed after protests
Violent student protests continue as a result of
student Zongo's death in police custody. When police
enter university areas to disperse protesters, violence
erupts and several students are injured. According to
media reports, six students have been killed. The
government temporarily shuts down the universities.
Student's death triggers mass protests
Extensive student demonstrations erupt after student
Justin Zongo is reported to have been killed in police
custody in the city of Koudougou. The authorities first
claim that Zongo died of meningitis, but student
protests and demands are forcing the authorities to set
up an investigation (see further August 2011).