In Cambodia there are still many poor people,
but the country has made great strides in the fight
against poverty given how devastated the society was
after a couple of decades of war, terror and conflict.
Clear improvements have been made in maternity care,
infant care and teaching.
The socio-economic gaps are large, especially between
the city and the countryside. There is a small rich
elite in Phnom Penh while most of the peasant population
has it scarcely.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Cambodia, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
In 2004, almost a fifth of the population lived in
extreme poverty, according to the World Bank, which
means they had $ 1.90 a day or less to cope with. More
than half of the population was counted as poor, that
is, they managed to make $ 3.1 a day. In 2012, both
groups had shrunk considerably. A few percent lived at
the lower level and 20 percent at the higher level.
Although many are thus lifted out of the deepest
poverty, they remain vulnerable to economic downturns
and live by small margins.
Almost half the population does not have access to
electricity. One in four Cambodians lacks running water
and more than half do not have access to drains. Many
children under the age of five suffer from malnutrition
and are short in growth for their age.
Many Cambodians suffer from so-called post-traumatic
stress due to war and terror. Cambodia is one of the
countries with the largest proportion of people with
disabilities in the world, mainly because of reduced
injuries. Thousands of civilians have died from mining
explosions and tens of thousands have been disabled.
Public health care is in short supply, although, for
example, maternal and infant care has improved in recent
years. Cambodians are allowed to pay the health care
Human trafficking, mainly from Cambodia to Thailand,
occurs and both men and women and children fall victim.
Many of the victims are forced into different kinds of
work, others have to beg or prostitute themselves.
Women make up a majority of the workforce. They
account for a significant part of the small-scale trade
and of the labor force in the textile industry. Many
also go abroad to work. In the public sector, however,
women are under-represented, as is the case in politics.
Gender roles were partially broken down under the
rule of the Red Khmer, when a greater proportion of men
than women were in the military or subjected to
persecution (see Modern History). It helped women to
take over even physically burdensome work. Women also
often take care of family finances. At the same time,
there is a traditional attitude that women should be
subordinate to men, and only men, for example, can
become Buddhist monks. Violence against women in the
home is common.
Marriages are usually arranged by the family and
within their own people group, although coercion does
not normally occur. The groom buys a morning gift,
perhaps in the form of jewelry or clothing. Polygamy was
legal until 1989 but in modern times has been most
practiced by the royal family. However, a mistress can
still be called "other wife".
Inheritance is shared equally between the children,
but the one who cares for old parents can get more and
the one who has left the village may be less. Toddlers
get a lot of attention. Children learn to respect older
people, parents and older siblings.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
24 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.5 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
75.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
59.2 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.0 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 78 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
20 percent (2018)
Prosecution for genocide
The Red Khmer Tribunal raises new charges against Khieu Samphan, Ieng Sary
and Nuon Chea. This time, the old Red Khmer leaders are being prosecuted for
genocide targeting Cambodia's Vietnamese and Muslim minorities. They have
previously been charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity (see also
Diplomatic conflict with Thailand
Thailand calls home its ambassador from Phnom Penh. Cambodia responds by
bringing home its ambassador from Bangkok. The government rejects a Thai request
to have Thaksin extradited on the grounds that the verdict against him was
Thailand's appointed leader becomes a consultant in Cambodia
Prime Minister Hun Sen offers Thailand's deposed Prime Minister Thaksin
Shinawatra a sanctuary after he was sentenced to prison for corruption in his
home country. The government hires the exiled Thaksin as an economic adviser.
The Red Khmer Tribunal is probing Chief Justice Duch
The first trial begins at the special tribunal that has to investigate the
leaders of the Red Khmer who are still alive. The prison chief Kang Kek Ieu
(Duch) is charged with 16,000 cases of murder and torture and crimes against
humanity (see also Political system).