Despite good economic development since
independence in 1975, approximately one in four cut
values remain below the national poverty line. There
are major regional differences; the cities of Praia and
Mindelo are relatively prosperous, while the countryside
has been neglected. Poverty is greatest on the barren
islands of Fogo, Brava and Santo Antão.
Health is a priority area; almost all cutting values
now have access to basic health care. The UN agency
UNDP's Development Index, which takes into account such
things as income, literacy, average life expectancy and
child mortality, ranked 2015 in Cape Verde as 122 of 188
countries. Life expectancy has increased from 52 in 1960
to 75 in 2014.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Cape Verde, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
A remaining health problem is the lack of clean water
which has led to repeated outbreaks of cholera. Malaria
is also a problem. By contrast, less than half a percent
of the population is infected with HIV - a low figure
with African dimensions measured.
Cape Verde also has a basic social insurance system
that covers over a third of the population.
A few years into the 2000s, Cape Verde began to
develop into a transit country for drug smuggling and
trafficking from Latin America to Europe and West
Africa. There were also signs that the island nation was
about to become a center for so-called money laundering.
A number of laws have been passed to address these
Despite stricter laws against gender discrimination,
women have worse conditions in the labor market than
men, and violence against women in the home is not
uncommon. Despite prohibitions, child labor exists,
especially in agriculture. Malnutrition is common among
children. Many girls are forced to quit school
prematurely due to sexual abuse and teenage pregnancies.
Prostitution is only illegal for minors. Sex tourism is
Homosexuality was illegal until 2007. In the Cape
Verdean society there is a conservative view of
homosexuality and the discrimination against LGBT people
(homosexual, bisexual and transsexual) is widespread.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
17 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.6 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
86.5 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
73.9 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
4.8 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 159 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
24 percent (2018)
The nation mourns Cesária Évora
Two days of country mourning are announced when the world famous
mother-singer Cesária Évora dies at age 70.
Ex-President Pires receives the Mo Ibrahim Award
Pedro Pires from PAICV receives Mo Ibrahim's African Leadership Award. The
prestigious award goes to African leaders who uphold the democratic principles.
MPD's Fonseca is elected president
In the first round of the presidential election on August 7, Attorney General
and former Foreign Minister Carlos Fonseca receives 38 percent of the vote,
while PAICV's Manuel Inocencio Sousa receives support from 32 percent of voters.
The support for PAICV is split by a PAICV MP, Aristides Lima, standing as
independent and receiving 28 percent. The result means that a second round of
elections is held between the two candidates who received the most votes:
Fonseca and Sousa. In the second round of August 21, Fonseca wins with 55
percent of the vote. The turnout is 54 percent in the first round and 60 percent
in the second.
PAICV wins the third election in a row
Prime Minister Neves talks about a historic election victory when the ruling
party gets 38 of the 72 seats, while MPD wins 32 seats. Christian Democratic
Ucid retains its two mandates. Despite a 3-mandate decline, PAICV retains its
majority in Parliament. The turnout is 76 percent.