Almost two out of three Central Africans live
in poverty. Life expectancy is among the lowest in the
world, while child mortality rates are among the
highest. Less than half of the residents have access to
basic medical care.
The United Nations Development Agency UNDP placed the
Central African Republic in 185th in 187th place among
187 countries in terms of human development.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Central African Republic, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
The general state of health of the population is
poor. Extensive malnutrition has reduced people's
resistance to disease. Infectious diseases are common
including typhoid, hepatitis A and E, dengue fever and
Life expectancy is lower than in other countries in
the region. In 2000, the life expectancy was only 44
years. In 2013, it had increased to 50 years.
According to the World Bank, maternal mortality,
infant mortality and mortality among children under five
have decreased since the mid-1990s, but nonetheless, the
figures for the Central African Republic are among the
highest in the world.
The most common cause of death is malaria, followed
by AIDS, polio and insomnia. In 2010, around four
percent of adults were living with HIV/AIDS.
Many diseases could be prevented with vaccines and
medical treatment. But the healthcare resources are
There is a great shortage of doctors. There are half
a doctor with 10,000 residents and the vast majority are
in the capital Bangui. Outside the cities, there are
almost no doctors, except a few from international aid
At the end of 2011, the organization Doctors Without
Borders (MSF) raised alarms about the high death rates
in the country. One reason for this was that both the
state and international aid organizations, despite their
promises to the contrary, had cut back on care.
With the civil war that broke out in 2012 (see Modern
history), the situation for most people has turned from
miserable poverty to a humanitarian disaster. Over 5,000
people have been killed and many more have been injured
in battles and assaults. The violence has to a large
extent gone beyond civilians.
Up to one million people have been forced to flee
their homes and thus lost their livelihood. Farmers have
been forced from their lands. Livestock keepers have
left their pastures. Workplaces have been destroyed or
closed down. Making a living on trade is difficult - and
dangerous - when armed groups often rob travelers on the
For several years, the United Nations Food Program (WFP)
has distributed food to the needy. But with the war, the
need became enormous. More than half of the population
depended on international emergency aid for food in the
years 2012-2014. Up to 40 percent of the population was
estimated to be malnourished. As the aid organizations'
resources diminish, they have become increasingly
difficult to obtain food.
Even though the worst fights are over, there are
still many threats to human security. Criminal violence
has replaced the regular civil war. The militias often
act as bandit gangs. They rob, kill and rape beyond the
view of the weak police and international peacekeepers.
Rape is common even in peacetime. In a 2009 study,
one in seven women in non-conflict-affected areas
reported having been raped in the past year. Trafficking
in women is also common, as is child abuse. Crimes that
happen in the home are rarely reported to the police.
Prostitution is common among women. Child prostitution
and trafficking in children also occur.
Women are discriminated against in terms of
inheritance law and they are underrepresented in public
life. Only one in ten government employees are women.
Only eleven of the 140 members of the National Assembly
are women. Although genital mutilation is prohibited, it
is performed on 40 percent of girls.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
85 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
3.6 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
1.5 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
1.0 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
54.1 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
25.3 percent (2016)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
4.8 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
16 US dollars (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
9 percent (2018)
United States dispatch adviser to combat LRA
The United States sends a few hundred military advisers to Uganda, to assist
Ugandan, Central African, Congolese and South Sudanese military in the pursuit
of the LRA (see also Uganda: Foreign Policy and Defense). Since 2008, according
to relief organizations, the LRA has killed at least 2,400 civilians and
kidnapped approximately 3,500 children in the Central African Republic, South
Sudan and Congo-Kinshasa.
CPJP announces ceasefire
The CPJP rebel group enters into a ceasefire agreement with the government to
start peace talks.
New government, including former rebel and opposition
Prime Minister Faustin Archange Touadéra forms a new government where most
ministers come from the National Kwa Na Kwa National Assembly. Representatives
from opposition parties also get seats in the government, and the former rebel
leaders from the AFRD and UFRD who entered the government in 2009 retain their
Ex-President Patassé dies
Former President Ange-Félix Patassé dies in Cameroon as a result of illness.
Kwa Na Kwa wins his own majority in parliament
The second round of parliamentary elections is held. The Bozizétrogna partial
alliance The national unification movement Kwa Na Kwa gets its own majority in
The Constitutional Court approves the choice
The Constitutional Court rejects the opposition's allegations of electoral
fraud and confirms the election result.
Bozizé wins the election. Accusations of cheating
Presidential and parliamentary elections are held. Bozizé wins the
presidential election already in the first round. The opposition accuses the
government of electoral fraud and gets support from international observers.