Living conditions in the Czech Republic have
improved since the transition to a market economy began
in 1989. The country has approached the standard of
living in Western Europe, but is still well below the
average when it comes to economic standards.
There are large income gaps in the country.
Households in Prague have, on average, significantly
higher incomes than those living in the country. The
poorest are the country's northwestern parts. The level
of education is also higher among Prague residents, and
unemployment is lower.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Czech Republic, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
According to the country's statistical office, the
average income for the Czechs in 2019 was EUR 1200 per
month. Two years earlier, almost ten percent were
estimated to live in poverty.
There is a social insurance system that includes,
among other things, unemployment insurance, sickness
benefit, parental leave and pension. The bourgeois
government in 2010-2013 made major cuts in social
welfare, among other things lowered sickness benefit and
child allowances. The new tripartite government that
took office in 2014 has broken down some of the savings
that were made then, among other things, abolished some
of the patient fees introduced in 2012.
A large part of the health care is run privately.
Primary care is run almost exclusively by private
companies, as are pharmacies.
Expenditure on healthcare rose during most of the
1990s, but since then the Czech Republic has usually
been below the OECD average in terms of how much money
goes to healthcare, both in terms of GDP and per capita.
In recent years, there has been a large shortage of
staff, mainly in hospitals. One reason for this is that
healthcare professionals apply abroad, especially to
Germany and Austria, where they can receive both higher
wages and better working conditions. In an attempt to
stop the staff escape, wage increases were promised by
10 percent in 2017.
Parental leave covers 28 weeks. A new law that
guarantees fathers seven days off (when they receive 70
percent of their salary) in connection with the child's
birth came into force in 2018.
On average, Czech men retire when they are 63 years
old, while women stop working about a year earlier. The
retirement age has gradually increased since the
mid-1990s. In 2016, the government presented a proposal
that everyone born after 1971 should work until they
The influence of women in politics and business is
limited, despite the fact that women were given the
right to vote in 1920. In 2015, 40 of the MP's 200
members were women.
Between the 1970s and the 1990s, many Roma women were
forcibly sterilized. Even in recent years, Roma women
have been sterilized without their consent. In 2009, the
government apologized to the victims and said measures
had been taken to prevent it from happening again.
Prostitution is generally allowed, but
procrastination is prohibited. Human trafficking of
women forced into prostitution and other forced labor is
a problem, despite prison sentences against human
traffickers. The women, who come from the Czech
Republic, other Eastern European countries, the
Philippines, Nigeria and Vietnam, are exploited both in
the Czech Republic and in other European countries,
according to a report from the US State Department in
2015. Roman women are said to be particularly
Children's day is permitted under Czech law.
In 2006, the Czech Republic became the first of the
countries of the former Eastern bloc to allow people of
the same sex to enter into partnerships. However,
marriage between people of the same sex is not allowed.
In 2016, the ban on gay people to adopt children was
lifted. However, they may only adopt as individuals, not
as same-sex couples.
The marriage age is 18 years. Some Roma, especially
women, get married sooner than that. However,
16-year-olds can get married with permission from the
The law prohibits discrimination against persons with
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
3 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
99.9 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
99.1 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
7.3 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 1,322 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
22 percent (2018)
Minister for the Environment goes after corruption business
Environment Minister Pavel Drobil from ODS resigns after allegations of
misappropriation of state funds. The government survives a vote of no confidence
in the Chamber of Deputies.
Social Democratic success in the Senate elections
Elections are held for the Senate. Social Democratic ČSSD gets its own
majority in the Senate for the first time. All government parties can see their
Savings plans raise protests
The Government is proposing a new budget that includes salary reductions for
public employees as well as reductions in pensions, parental benefits and other
social benefits. The aim is to reduce the budget deficit from 4.8 percent of
GDP to 4.6 percent by 2011. The savings plans cause protests, including a large
demonstration in Prague.
New bourgeois government coalition
ODS leader Petr Nečas forms a coalition government together with the
conservative Top 09 and the right-wing party VV. Top 09 leader Karel
Schwarzenberg gets the post of Foreign Minister and VV leader Radek John becomes
Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The Social Democrats become the biggest party
In the election, the Social Democrats will be the largest party with 22
percent of the vote and 53 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, while the ODS,
which loses more than a third of its seats, will receive 20 percent. Two new
Conservative parties Tradition responsibility prosperity (Top
09) and Public affairs (VV) have great success and gain almost
17 and 11 percent respectively and the Communist Party receives 11 percent. Both
the Christian Democratic Union-People's Party (KDU-ČSL) and the
Green Party fall out of the Chamber of Deputies.
Social Democrats party leader Jiří Paroubek is forced to leave after the
party's election defeat. He is succeeded by Bohuslav Sobotka.
High ranking ODS politicians are leaving
The Speaker of the Chamber of Deputies, Miloslav Vlček of the ODS, resigns on
suspicion that he has misused public funds. He is succeeded by Miroslava Němcová
from the same party.
ODS leaders are forced to step down
The leader of the Democratic National Party (ODS), Mirek Topolánek, resigns
in the midst of the electoral movement after voicing his condescension about the
church, Jews and gays. He is succeeded by Petr Nečas.
Right party is prohibited
The Workers' Party (DS), a small party on the far right, is banned by
government law. This is the first time a party has been forced away for
political reasons after the fall of communism in 1989.