Like the other Nordic countries, Denmark has
a well-developed welfare system with child allowance,
parental leave, health insurance, housing allowance,
pensions, unemployment insurance, social assistance and
more. Social spending corresponds to around one third of
the country's gross domestic product (GDP). One third of
the social budget goes to health care and the like,
while two thirds are made up of various contributions.
The retirement age is 65 for people born in 1954 or
earlier, but the age limit is gradually increasing to 67
or 68. The national pension's lowest level was DKK
73,000 per year in 2016 (from the age of 65), but SEK
150,000 if other income does not exceed SEK 68,000.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Denmark, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
In case of illness, childbirth and adoption, those
who work 90 percent of the salary (2014), however,
receive a maximum of DKK 4,180 per week, from the first
day of sickness and a maximum of one year. The same
amount gets unemployed for a maximum of 102 weeks within
a three-year period. Thereafter, various forms of
support can be obtained, which, from October 2016, may
amount to a maximum of SEK 13,265 per month for a single
person, the so-called "cash assistance cap".
Public health is not quite as good as in the other
Nordic countries, mainly because the Danes eat less
healthily and drink and smoke more. In the 1950s every
other Danish smoked over 13 years, including
significantly more men than women. In 2015, 17 percent
of both men and women smoked daily.
According to an often quoted, very accurate and
detailed World Happiness Report 2013 and 2016, the Danes
are the world's happiest people. A dry comment from a
Danish professor was that the Danes' expectations may be
so low that the disappointments will be less. Denmark is
in fourth place on the UN Human Development Index, which
measures quality of life. Denmark is in any case one of
the world's most corrupt and most equal countries.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
4 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
100.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
99.6 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
10.3 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 5,566 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
37 percent (2018)
Tripartite government is formed
The left's minority government is strengthened when the Liberal Alliance and
the Conservative People's Party after negotiations take place among the
ministers. Thus, Denmark receives a tripartite government, which, however, still
does not have a majority in the parliament. Government reform is taking place
after Venstre promised to reduce the marginal tax on the highest incomes by five
per cent at year-end.
A break in the reception of UN refugees
The government decides to withdraw an agreement indefinitely which states
that the country will receive around 500 refugees per year through the UN
refugee agency UNHCR. The proposal can be adopted after the government has
supported it in the parliament of the Danish People's Party and the Social
Democracy. The reason for the decision is stated to be that the municipalities
need a break in order to take care of the refugees already in the country.
Just over SEK 100,000 in seizure from asylum seekers
Danish police announce that a total of 117 600 Danish kroner has been seized
from asylum seekers on a handful of occasions. Most cash was seized on the first
occasion when SEK 79,600 was confiscated from five Iranians.
Scots drama in Christiania
Two police officers and a civilian are injured when a 25-year-old man shoots
them in connection with a drug raid in Christiania in Copenhagen. The
25-year-old later dies of gunshot injuries. After the shooting drama, residents
in Christiania choose to dismantle the so-called hash booths in the area where
drugs are sold openly.
Police seizure against asylum seekers
Police seize cash for a total of 79 600 Danish kroner from five Iranian
asylum seekers in accordance with the law that was established earlier that year
(see January 2016). This is the first time the new disputed law
has been applied.
The border controls are extended
Denmark, like Sweden, extends border controls to November 2016.
The home defense takes over border control
26th of April
As the number of refugees who apply to Denmark has decreased, work on border
controls is transferred from the police to the home security.
Denmark is expanding its efforts against IS
The parliament decides that Denmark should expand its efforts in the US-led
coalition against the extreme terrorist group. From mid-2016, Danish F16 planes
can be deployed in Syria and 400 militants, including pilots, support personnel
and members of certain special forces, can be deployed in Iraq. Denmark should
also be able to contribute with transport flights. As a result, Denmark's
efforts are extended to Syria as well. Previously, it has only applied in Iraq.
However, no Danish ground troops should be able to deploy in Syria.
Four suspected IS fighters are arrested
Four people are being detained at the Copenhagen police, suspected of
violating Danish terrorist legislation in Syria, where they must have joined the
IS. The men are arrested at a strike in Copenhagen where the police also find
ammunition and weapons. The four must have been recruited in Syria to commit
terrorist offenses, which in Denmark can give six years in prison.
Esben Lunde Larsen becomes new Minister of the Environment
New Minister for the Environment will be Esben Lunde Larsen, who is currently
Education Minister and MP for the Liberal Party. Lunde Larsen is a theology
doctor but his doctoral dissertation has been questioned and is being reviewed
by the University of Copenhagen.
Minister of the Environment is kicked off to avoid a government crisis
Prime Minister Løkke Rasmussen dismisses Environment Minister Eva Kjer Hansen
since demands for her resignation have been put forward by the Conservative
People's Party, whose support in the parliament is dependent on the government.
The Conservatives have threatened to stop supporting the government if the
environment minister was not allowed to go. The reason was that they did not
feel well informed about a number of agricultural reforms proposed by the
Minister for the Environment. The Conservatives believe that the reforms may
threaten the environment and that Kjer Hansen has fallen short of the country's
strong farmers' lobby.
Four men are charged with terrorist offenses
Four men are indicted for assisting in terrorist crimes in connection with
the Copenhagen attacks in February 2016.
Strict laws for asylum seekers
The parliament passes a series of laws aimed at making it difficult for
asylum seekers and making the country less attractive to refugees. Broadly
speaking, the new laws mean three things: it will be more difficult to obtain a
permanent residence permit, family reunions will take longer than before and the
police will be entitled to seize valuables from asylum seekers if the value
exceeds DKK 10,000. The money will contribute to the asylum seeker's living in
Denmark. The third law faces criticism from the UN, among others. The Danish
government justifies the change in the law that everyone living in the country
must contribute to their own livelihood if they can.
Temporary border checks
Denmark faces temporary border controls against Germany as a direct result of
Sweden doing the same to Denmark on the same day, including on the Öresund
Bridge, with the aim of reducing the refugee flow into the country. The Danish
checks are carried out by sampling and begin to apply immediately. The checks
are extended on several occasions during the winter and spring.