Dominica has long been one of the Caribbean's
(Caribbean's) poorest countries in terms of GDP per
person, and unemployment is high.
The statistics are scarce, but estimates suggest that
about one in five residents lack work. In addition, many
of those with jobs are underemployed.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Dominica, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Poverty has decreased from 40 percent in 2002 to an
estimated 30 percent in 2014. Later figures are missing.
Most of the indigenous people of Kalinago are considered
The income differences are smaller than on other
islands in the area. There are not so many eye-catching
rich families on the island where most come from
families who depended on cultivation for their own use.
There is a social insurance system with pensions and
sickness benefits and more, but it only covers those who
have a formal employment or are self-employed. The
social security system is financed through employer
contributions. People who have no job can join the
system if they pay money themselves. There is no
Health care includes a few smaller hospitals and a
number of health centers spread across the country.
However, seriously ill patients must seek care in the
capital Roseau or alternatively be flown abroad, for
example to the neighboring islands of Guadeloupe or
Gay acts are prohibited by law and can provide
imprisonment for up to ten years. The attitude towards
sexual minorities is generally intolerant.
Crime is lower than in most neighboring countries in
the Caribbean, but according to local media, crime is
increasing in all areas. Increasing problems with heavy
drugs are linked in the debate to Venezuela's growing
influence and the transit trade in drugs run by
Venezuelan criminal associations. Britain and the US
assist in the fight against drug smuggling.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
33 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
96.5 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
77.9 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
5.4 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 419 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
25 percent (2018)
Dominica's mountainous terrain is a challenge
for anyone traveling across the island. Car or bus is
the main means of transport. Railway and domestic
flights are missing.
The road network covers 150 km of country roads. The
major roads run along the coasts but there are also
winding main roads over the mountains in an east-west
direction. A large part of passenger transport is by
There is a deep harbor outside the capital Roseau.
From the port of Roseau itself there are fast links to
Guadeloupe, Martinique and Saint Lucia. In the city of
Portsmouth further north on the east coast there are
anchorage options for cruise ships.
Neither of Dominica's two airports can receive
international flights, but they are operated by the
regional airline Liat, which flies tourists from nearby
islands. The smaller of the airports is located half a
mile north of Roseau on the west coast. On the east side
where the landscape is more low-lying is the larger