Most of the population lives in rural areas
under scarce conditions. Since the beginning of the
1990s, the social gaps have widened and, according to
the UN Food Program, WFP, more than two-thirds of the
population lives on less than two dollars a day.
Periodically, there has been a shortage of food,
something that affects women and children to a great
In the UNDP Development Index, which takes into
account such things as income, literacy, life expectancy
and child mortality, GuineaBissau in 2014 was ranked 178
out of 188 countries.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Guinea-Bissau, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Nevertheless, there have been improvements in a
number of areas, albeit at a slow pace. Between 1980 and
2014, life expectancy has increased by almost ten years.
Child mortality is high, in 2015 nine children of 100
died before they were five years old. Many of the
children who die have been affected by malaria, various
diarrheal diseases or pneumonia. It is also common for
women to die during childbirth.
There are major shortcomings in health care, and the
two hospitals - one general and one run by the military
- that exist in the country are both located in Bissau.
According to the legislation, gender equality
prevails, but women are often discriminated against,
especially in rural areas. Few women are found in
leading positions in political parties, public
administration and business.
However, the status of women varies depending on the
ethnic group to which they belong. For example, in some
ethnic groups, women have no inheritance rights and do
not have the right to own land. Among the population of
the Bijagós, women traditionally have an unusually
About half of all women aged 15-49 had until 2012,
according to data from the UN Children's Fund Unicef,
been subjected to genital mutilation. Since then, the
procedure has been prohibited. Several initiatives have
been taken to counteract genital mutilation, including
by offering alternative rituals.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
54 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
3.5 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
1.4 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.9 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
69.2 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
20.5 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.9 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
$ 39 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
14 percent (2018)
The road network is in poor condition and
during the rainy season many roads cannot be used. The
best roads are in the northern part of the country and
connect Guinea-Bissau with Senegal. Travel inland often
takes minibuses, called toca-toca. In Bissau, taxis
serve as buses, where many travel in common and everyone
pays for their seat.
Larger vessels also reach the most important
communities inland via the wide-branched system of deep
rivers. The lighter boat traffic reaches even further.
The most important port is in Bissau, where a new
fishing port that can accommodate four vessels was
inaugurated in 2011.
There are regular ferry services to the larger
islands of the Bijagósarkipelagen.
There is an international airport outside Bissau, but
flight connections are only to Cape Verde, Senegal and
Army chief is released after pressure from the European Commission
On December 23, the former army commander Induta and several other soldiers
are released. This is done after pressure from the European Commission which has
threatened to withdraw part of its aid to the country.
US cancels military support
At the end of the month, Antonio Indjai is appointed new Army Chief. The US
is suspending its military support for the country and questioned whether the
government could control the military. The United States has previously demanded
that soldiers involved in drug trafficking be dismissed. José Américo Bubo Na
Tchuto is also re-elected as Chief of the Navy.
The Prime Minister's position is weakened
President Sanhá does not appear to have been involved in the revolt, but he
chooses to tone down the events. However, the power struggle between the
military and Gomes is not over. The Prime Minister's position is weakened by his
failing health and for a time he is cared for in a hospital in Cuba. In
Parliament, the opposition, led by former President Kumba Yalá, demands his
resignation. It is only through pressure from the outside world that he manages
to remain. Indjai seems to have retained its position in the military. Bubo Na
Tchuto is also reported to be on the loose.
Gomes is released
The leader of the revolts, General António Indjai says that this is not a
coup but an internal conflict within the military. Prime Minister Gomes is
released shortly after, while Induta remains in the military's custody. Indjai,
it is said later, is backed by former Chief of the Navy José Américo Bubo Na
Tchuto who is considered to play an important role in drug trafficking via
Militants are arrested after revolt
A new military revolt begins and army chief José Zamora Induta, Prime
Minister Gomes and a dozen other people, most of the military are arrested.