Ordinary Guineans, unlike the small elite
that have been able to enrich themselves, have not been
part of the improvements in the economy that have taken
place since the beginning of the 2010s. In 2018, Guinea
was one of the 15 countries at the bottom of the UNDP
Development Index, which takes into account such things
as income, literacy, average life expectancy and child
The Ebola epidemic in Guinea between 2013 and 2016
hit the population hard. More than 2,500 people died in
the disease, cutting off 3,800 who had been infected.
Many smallholder farmers and others in the informal
sector lost their income when trade with neighboring
countries ceased when borders were closed to prevent the
spread of infection. At the same time, the number of
deaths in other diseases, especially malaria, also
increased when people did not dare to seek care for fear
of being infected by Ebola.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Guinea, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care has major shortcomings, especially
outside the cities. Private care is available for those
who can pay. Every fifth child under five is
malnourished and child mortality is high: in 2018, more
than 100 children out of 1000 died before the age of
five, which was nevertheless a clear reduction compared
to the 1960s when about every third child died before
the age of five. Dirty water and diseases such as
malaria, tuberculosis, polio and cholera contribute to
this. However, the proportion of children who are
vaccinated against diseases such as measles and polio
has increased in recent years. Many women also die
The HIV and AIDS epidemic has hit Guinea less
severely than some other African countries: about
120,000 people were estimated to be infected in 2016.
Being affected by the disease is considered disgraceful
and it is common for women whose men have died of AIDS
to be abandoned by their families.
There is a social insurance system with, among other
things, pensions and disability, sickness and
occupational injury insurance. However, this safety net
covers only those who are employed.
Women are generally in a worse position than men in
Guinea. Although the law prescribes equal pay for equal
work, women usually earn less than men. In litigation
and in inheritance, women are usually disadvantaged.
Polygamy occurs in all parts of the country and in
all classes of society. Nearly two-thirds of women get
married before they turn 18, some as young as 11. But it
has become more common for girls to stay in their
parents' homes until they have graduated from high
Women gained voting rights in 1958. In the government
that took office in 2016, seven of 31 ministers were
women (just over 22 percent).
Violence against women is common. The number of rapes
has increased in recent years, but few reports are made
and hardly anyone is convicted of these crimes.
Especially vulnerable are girls between 11 and 15 years.
Sexual mutilation of girls is formally prohibited but
is still common, especially in rural areas. Several
local organizations, one of which is called Tostan, are
working to abolish the custom. Among the more educated
groups in the cities, only a symbolic intervention is
It is also common for young women to get married
early, despite the fact that a new law was passed in
2016 which states that no one can get married before the
age of 18. Forced marriages are also common.
A new law allowing polygamy was passed in 2019,
despite opposition from President Alpha Condé. Many
others also opposed the change in laws that they feared
would violate women's rights. The original bill was
amended so that a man who wants to marry several women
must get his wife's permission to do so. Up to now,
polygamy has been formally punishable and able to
provide imprisonment for between five and ten years.
Child abuse is common. There are no children in
schools or in homes.
Child labor occurs extensively, especially in
agriculture and the so-called informal sector. There are
also some street children, but no one really knows how
many, who are often forced to beg outside mosques and
There is also trafficking in women and children,
primarily in the country but also to other parts of West
Africa and to Europe. The boys who are affected are
often forced to work in mines, while women and children
are exploited in the sex industry, in other West African
countries, Europe and the Middle East.
Homosexuality is prohibited by law, both for men and
women, and can be punishable by a fine or imprisonment
for up to three years. Formal prosecutions are unusual,
but there are reports of harassment and violence against
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
65 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
1.4 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.8 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.3 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
67.4 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
22.7 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
4.5 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
$ 37 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
22 percent (2018)
UN Commission designates Camara as responsible for massacre
The report of the UN Commission investigating the massacre leaked to the
media in December. It states that the junta leader Camara, Abubakar "Toumba"
Diakité and the head of the country's anti-drug force Moussa Thegboro Camara
have direct responsibility for the massacre in September. It confirms data from
human rights organizations that there have been at least 109 cases of rape.
According to the report, women have also been mutilated and kidnapped and
subjected to new rapes. Hundreds of people have been tortured.
Sékouba Konaté is appointed interim head of government
Government power is temporarily taken over by Colonel Sékouba Konaté.
Attacks on Camera
In early December, Camara was shot after being shot by a close associate,
Aboubacar "Toumba" Diakité, in what the regime describes as a coup attempt.
Camara is brought to Morocco for care. Diakité is on the run and over 60 people
connected to him are arrested.
High food prices
Food prices are rising rapidly in Conakry, in just a few weeks many basic
commodities have become 15-40 percent more expensive.
EU faces arms embargo on Guinea
At the end of the month, the EU faces an arms embargo on Guinea and sanctions
on some 40 individuals, including Camara. The US, Ecowas and AU also sanction
ICC investigates massacre
The International Criminal Court (ICC) investigated the massacre in
September. UN Deputy Secretary-General Haile Menkerios travels to Guinea to
investigate the same incident.
Guinea concludes agreement with Chinese company
Juntan announces that Guinea has signed an agreement with a Chinese company.
This is given the right to exploit natural resources in exchange for the cost of
several infrastructure projects (see also Finance).
Commission is appointed to investigate the massacre
Juntan decides to appoint a commission to investigate the shooting deaths in
October. However, the opposition refuses to participate. The unions are
announcing a general strike until October 12 and 13 to honor those killed.
According to a report by Human Rights Watch , most of the victims belong to the
Protests against coup leaders trigger massacres
At the end of the month, 50,000 people will gather in Conakry to protest
against Camara's coup leader, since he has hinted that he intends to run for
president. According to human rights organizations, at least 157 people are
killed and over 1,000 injured when the military shoots straight in at the
protesters. According to the authorities, 57 fatalities are required (most of
which must have been trampled to death), and information is also denied that
soldiers must have raped and abused female protesters.
At the same time, reports come of soldiers plundering shops and homes,
shooting at all who venture out into the capital. The massacre is condemned
internationally. France cancels all military cooperation with Guinea. Opposition
leaders said former rebels from the Liberian militia group Ulimo participated in
the shooting deaths.
Army officers are arrested
In April, two army officers arrested are accused of planning a new coup.
Junta leader Camara, who is on her way to Libya, cancels her trip.
Former ministers are accused of embezzlement
On March 23, three former Ministers of Conté's government, including former
Prime Minister Ahmed Tidiane Souaré, are arrested and charged with embezzlement
of more than $ 5 million in state funds.
Contés son grips
In February, former President Ousmane Conté's son and several high-ranking
police officers were arrested and charged with being involved in cocaine
smuggling between Latin America and Europe via Guinea. At the same time,
information that the junta leader Camara has been subjected to a murder trial
will be reported, and there is a reported dissatisfaction among soldiers who
have not been promoted in connection with the 2008 coup.
Juntan dominates new government
On January 15, the junta appoints a new government that was largely made up
of military and professionals. The military retains control, among other things,
of the defense, the finances and the judiciary. However, responsibility for the
mining sector goes to a civilian minister.
Guinea is not allowed to attend meetings of a cooperative organization
At the beginning of the year, the Ecowas Regional Cooperation Organization
announces that Guinea may not participate in any of its meetings for the time
The US stops aid
The United States stops most of its aid to the country.