Guyana is one of Latin America's poorest
countries and income distribution is skewed. More than a
third of the residents live in poverty and almost one
in five is considered extremely poor. Most really poor
people live deep inland.
The hopes are high that the newly found oil resources
will provide significantly better finances and enable
substitutes for health care and education, among other
things (see also Natural Resources, Energy and the
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Guyana, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Many Guyanans depend on money that relatives abroad
send home. Pensions for sick and old have been around
since the 1960s, but have been eroded many times through
inflation. Other social protection networks are also
inadequate and do not include everyone in need. Many
NGOs help the poorest but the lack of collaboration
between them makes them less effective.
Guyana is a transit country for drug and arms
smuggling, which has also fueled domestic violence. The
murder rate is one of the highest in South America.
Physical and sexual violence against women, especially
in the home, is described as a serious problem.
The shortcomings are large in health care, which is
particularly poorly developed in rural areas. Sanitary
problems such as lack of clean water are common. The
proportion of HIV infected is among the highest in Latin
America. In Guyana, there is, among other things, a
factory for the manufacture of brake medicines, which
are partly subsidized by the state.
Same-sex sexual relationships are still considered a
crime. Gay and bisexual people are constantly at risk of
being abused and are generally reluctant to report them
to the police as they risk being punished themselves.
Malaria is a problem in some parts of the hinterland.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
25 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
1.4 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.4 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.3 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
95.1 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
85.8 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
4.5 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 192 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
32 percent (2018)