Expected life expectancy in Hungary has
increased during the 2010s, but not as fast as in the
majority of EU countries. Cardiovascular diseases are
common causes of death. Behind the poor health
statistics are factors such as smoking, high alcohol
consumption and poor eating habits.
Health care has been criticized for having major
shortcomings. Hungary is lagging behind the other EU
countries in terms of the proportion of the Treasury
going to the health sector (just over 7 percent of GDP
in 2015) and according to the IMF, for example, the
resources are used inefficiently. There are also major
differences in the availability of care and the quality
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Hungary, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Hungarian healthcare has long been plagued by staff
shortages, as many doctors and nurses have moved abroad
to get more paid. In June 2016, the government promised
a 40 percent salary increase for doctors and pharmacists
spread over two years. Other healthcare professionals
were promised 25 percent more.
The population is also declining in the long term due
to low birth rates. It has led the government to
introduce premiums for those who choose to have large
families, including cheap loans and tax reductions (see
Calendar), in addition to free test tube fertilization.
In 2010, Hungarian women gave birth to an average of
1.25 children (lowest in the EU), but the numbers have
approached the EU average of 1.6 and the Orbán
government's target is 2.1 children per woman by 2030.
The risk of poverty or social exclusion is among the
highest in the EU, with only five countries at a
disadvantage. According to the EU, the social protection
network does not provide enough protection for residents
living in the most vulnerable conditions. The social
insurance system includes sickness and accident
insurance, old-age, widow's and sickness pension, family
allowance and unemployment insurance. Health care is
free of charge for everyone covered by the health
insurance system, but an old tradition of giving the
doctor tips to get a quick and good treatment still
exists. It is possible to receive care in private, even
if the state healthcare dominates. The official
retirement age is gradually increasing from the age of
62 and will be 65 by 2021.
In recent years, the difficult situation of the Roma
and the lack of integration into society have been
highlighted by both the EU and voluntary organizations.
In 2010, the Roman fashion designer Erika Varga founded
a fashion house that is followed with interest, as the
Romanian minority is also economically marginalized. She
creates clothes related to Roman tradition, but also
other than Roma are among the customers. Varga also runs
a mentoring program for young Roma on a small scale.
Hungary's treatment of asylum seekers and migrants is
another issue that is irritating within the EU and
concerns of human rights organizations (see Current
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
4 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
100.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
98.0 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
7.2 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 943 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
13 percent (2018)
Homelessness can be punished
Parliament is voting for a law that allows municipalities to ban homeless
people from sleeping outdoors in certain areas or living in shelters; Anyone who
violates such a ban can be punished with community service, fines or
Lifetime prison for murder of Roma
Three men sentenced to life imprisonment for murder of six Roma in 2008 -
2009. The men's driver is sentenced to 13 years in prison. The convicted have
neo-Nazi recesses and their brutal acts have provoked disgust in Hungary and the
outside world. The verdict is welcomed by the European Roma Rights Center, which
reported 60 cases of hate crimes against Roma in 2008-2012 and who criticized
the authorities for not doing enough to stop or punish the racist wave of crime.
EU contributions are stopped
The EU freezes most of its development grants to Hungary due to deficiencies
in how the funds are managed. If the government fails to meet EU requirements,
the country could lose the equivalent of up to SEK 17 billion in 2013. This
includes money for road construction and social programs.
The European Court of Justice approves an organization ban
The European Court of Human Rights states that the then Hungarian Socialist
government was in its full right to ban the Hungarian Guard organization, the
military branch of the Jobbik fascist party, in 2008. The court says that a
state does not have to wait for a militant movement to resort to violence. After
the ban, the Hungarian Guard has tried to re-emerge under new forms.
Communist leader Horn died
Former Prime Minister Gyula Horn (see Modern History) dies at age 80. Horn is
one of those honored to have demolished the "iron curtain" of the Cold War, when
in September 1989 he sent thousands of East Germans to West Germany via Hungary.
Right-wing extremists are allowed to demonstrate during a Jewish meeting
A court allows a right-wing demonstration outside the parliament when the
Jewish World Congress meets in Budapest to discuss, among other things, the rise
of anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe. Despite anti-Semitic results at the
demonstration, Prime Minister Orbán argues that zero tolerance should prevail
against anti-Semitism in Hungary, but he is criticized by Jewish leaders for not
marking enough against the right-wing extremists.
The principle of publicity is restricted
In a special session, Parliament decides to restrict the public's right to
public information from courts, authorities, government officials and others.
The decision is made less than two days after the proposal is submitted.
Citizens' rights groups will then request information on a bidding process,
where tobacco sales licenses are said to have gone to the government party's
supporters. In protest of the new Information Act, four human rights
organizations are leaving the government's anti-corruption working group on the
grounds that this work is now meaningless.
Orbán ally takes over the central bank
Prime Minister Viktor Orbán's close ally György Matolscy becomes head of the
central bank. The appointment leads to a deputy head of the central bank
resigning in protest of the government's influence over the bank and the new
bank manager Matolscy.