Poverty in the country is deep. In the UNDP
Development Index 2011, Ivory Coast was ranked 170 out
of 187 countries. Nearly half of the population was
estimated to live in less than two dollars a day in
2008. Residents in the countryside are particularly
vulnerable. The social and economic gaps are large with
significant differences between different groups and
Abidjan has several private hospitals that meet
international standards. But large parts of the general
health care system were razed during the civil war in
the early 2000s. The northern part of the country was
particularly hard hit. However, a number of health
clinics have been able to be re-opened with the aid
money. Only about half of the residents have access to
basic health care.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Ivory Coast, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Child mortality is high, 123 out of 1000 children die
before the age of five (2010). Infections such as
malaria and measles as well as diseases caused by
parasites require many lives. In the slums of cities, as
in the northern part of the country, many suffer from
malnutrition. About every fifth child is counted as
In 2005, approximately seven percent of the adult
population was estimated to be HIV-infected, which was
one of the highest figures in West Africa. That year
about 65,000 people died of AIDS and several hundred
thousand children lost one or more parents. Refugee
flows and increased prostitution, especially close to
military posts, contributed to the spread of the
disease. Later, the proportion of people infected with
HIV has decreased - at least in the statistics - and in
2009 it was estimated to be below 4 percent. In order to
fight the disease, special educational efforts have been
planned in all schools.
Compared to other African countries, the Ivory Coast
has had a fairly well-developed social insurance system
for those who have formal employment.
Women have traditionally had a subordinate position
and girls are still given less education than boys.
However, more and more women have received high
positions in recent years, thanks to positive treatment.
Genital mutilation of women was banned in 1998 but is
still common, especially in the northern part of the
country. Abortion is also prohibited and every year an
unknown number of women die as a result of illegal
Both government forces and rebels have been guilty of
rape and other serious violence. Women and children are
particularly hard hit.
Trafficking in women and children, so-called
trafficking, occurs mainly within the country, but also
from neighboring countries (see also Labor Market).
Women are smuggled from Ivory Coast to Europe where they
are exploited in the sex industry.
Both the rebels and the government side used child
soldiers in the civil war. There are estimated to be a
few hundred thousand street children in the cities.
Crime is high, especially in the largest city of
Abidjan. Wide availability of weapons (especially
automatic carbines such as AK-47s) has led to
increasingly serious violence in connection with crime.
As a result, the number of private security companies
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
59 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
2.6 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
1.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.6 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
73.1 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
32.1 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
5.4 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 68 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
11 percent (2018)
Ivory Coast has one of West Africa's best
developed networks of roads and railways. Through the
country, connecting routes from the coastal neighboring
countries Mali and Burkina Faso run to the Atlantic. A
railway goes from Abidjan to Ouagadougou in Burkina
Faso. Both passenger and freight traffic have increased
rapidly since 2004. There are plans to expand the rail
link to Mali and Niger.
The road network is relatively well developed,
especially in the south. However, most of the roads are
in great need of upgrading, especially after the civil
war. Several donors (mainly France, Germany, and Japan)
have promised support for this. In 2011, China promised
a loan to finance a new highway between Abidjan and
The sealing traffic in Abidjan creates environmental
problems and public transport is not able to meet the
needs of the growing urban population. During the war,
the military, rebels and local militia groups set up
roadblocks and demanded travelers for money. Road users
also have to pay to be escorted between government and
rebel controlled areas. In recent years, there has been
a refurbishment of the road network, not least around
The deep harbor in Abidjan is one of the largest in
West Africa. The country's second largest port, San-Pédro,
ships most of the cocoa exports. The role of the Ivory
Coast as a hub for trade in the region was damaged in
the civil war. Freight traffic decreased or moved to
other countries, but has subsequently increased again.
Oil transport via Abidjan has increased rapidly in
International airports are located in Abidjan, Bouake
and Yamoussoukro and domestic airports in a number of
other locations. About twenty airlines fly from Abidjan
to 35 destinations in Africa, Europe and the Middle
East. The airport in Abidjan has the capacity to receive
two million passengers a year. The airport is run by a
French consortium. In 2014, it received 1.3 million
passengers, which was four times as many as in 2010.
The fixed telephone network has been refurbished but
still has major shortcomings. Since 2002, the mobile
phone network has grown rapidly and several new
companies, many of which are wholly or partly
foreign-owned, have led to increased competition in the
mobile phone market. In 2009, there were an estimated 13
million mobile phones in the country, compared to a
million seven years earlier.
Weapons are destroyed at the ceremony
Gbagbo and Soro participate in a ceremony in Bouaké where, by burning a pile
of weapons, they mark the end of the civil war.
Attacks on Prime Minister Soro
Prime Minister Soro survives an attack at Bouaké airport. Rebels who are
unhappy with the peace agreement are suspected of the rocket attack.
Unity government is formed
The former warring parties form a unifying government with Guillaume Soro as
prime minister. The coalition includes Gbagbo's Ivorian People's Party (FPI),
the rebel side's New Forces, opposition leader Alassane Ouattara's Republican
Assembly (RDR), Ivory Coast Democratic Party (PDCI) as well as some smaller
parties and civilian groups. President Gbagbo signs an amnesty law for crimes
committed during the war. Exceptions are made for financial crimes.
Peace agreement clear
Following the civil war that broke out in 2002, a peace agreement was
concluded between the government side, led by President Laurent Gbagbo, and the
New Force rebels, led by Guillaume Soro.