In terms of health care, education and
longevity, the situation in Kiribati is worse than in
most other places in the Pacific. Poverty is widespread
and child mortality is high.
The main toll of Tarawa is more developed than the
other islands and many Kiribati are moving there in the
hope of getting jobs and higher living standards. The
result has been slum formation and competition for the
scarce land that is gradually disappearing in the sea
(see Natural Resources and Energy). In addition, there
is a high risk of contamination of the scarce fresh
water supplies, which can lead to the spread of
infectious diseases such as cholera.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Kiribati, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
The state offers free health care. However, the state
of health of the overcrowded Tarawa Atoll has
deteriorated due to underemployment and congestion.
Tuberculosis has become a major health problem.
Diarrhea, skin diseases and jaundice are also common.
Roughly one in three residents lack access to clean
water. More than half of the Kiribati also lack a
toilet. At Tarawa, many people therefore use the beach
or swim in the water to fulfill their needs. This makes
the fish at the beach dangerous to eat, and anyone who
swims risks getting sick.
Alongside the state medical service, there is a
traditional system of healers and women who assist in
pregnancies and births.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
41 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
64.4 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
47.8 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
7.6 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 188 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
7 percent (2018)