More than half of Malawians live in poverty
with an income below $ 1.25 a day, according to the
World Bank. Poverty is worst in rural areas in the
north, while income disparities are greatest in cities.
Four out of ten children are chronically
malnourished, and child mortality is high. The most
common direct causes of death are malnutrition and
malaria. Tuberculosis is also common. Health care is one
of the largest items in the state budget, but the funds
do not go far enough. There are two doctors and 28
nurses per 100,000 residents.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Malawi, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
About 10 percent of Malawians over the age of 15 are
said to be infected with HIV. The number of orphans is
estimated to be over 1.3 million, of which about half
have lost their parents to AIDS. In a decade from 1996,
life expectancy dropped from 52 years to 38 years. Since
then, the state-funded distribution of free anti-AIDS
brake medication has increased significantly, which has
reduced the death toll. In 2013, half a million
Malawians received free brake medication compared to
4,000 people in 2008. The lifespan has now increased to
Malawi has no social security system. A law on
pensions for those who have a formal employment has been
adopted but not implemented.
Malawi is a male-dominated society despite the fact
that the majority of residents live in matrilinear
communities (see Population and Languages). In practice,
women are discriminated against and are often subjected
to violence. Girls are not given the same right to
education and women are expected to run the home.
Trafficking in women and children occurs, and girls are
not often subjected to sexual abuse, both at school and
at home. Poverty drives families to borrow money or
livestock from elderly rich men by selling young
daughters. By law, girls are required to be 18 to get
married, but the law is not complied with, and child
marriage is common.
Child labor becomes more common, even though the law
prohibits the employment of children under 14. The
children work mainly in agriculture. About 80,000
children are estimated to work on harvesting tobacco.
They usually lack protective clothing which can lead to
nicotine poisoning when the leaves come into contact
with the skin.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
35 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
9.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
4.3 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
2.0 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
67.2 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
26.2 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
9.3 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 30 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
17 percent (2018)
Ex-President Muluzi is prevented from running for election
The Constitutional Court ruled that former President Bakili Muluzi may not
stand for further presidential elections, as he held office for two terms.
Muluzi later backs MCP leader John Tembo as the opposition candidate.
Several opposition politicians and former security chiefs have been arrested
since President Mutharika accused his representative Muluzi of a conspiracy to
oust him. Muluzi is interrogated by police, placed under house arrest, but later
Malawi chooses China over Taiwan
The diplomatic relations with Taiwan are terminated, and Malawi establishes
diplomatic relations with China instead.