Many of the citizens of the Maldives have had
a significantly higher standard of living since the
1970s. Poverty has been reduced and health care has
improved. Almost everyone today has access to clean
water and functioning sewage systems.
The financial success of the earliest republic in
recent decades has contributed to the fact that living
conditions are now quite good for most people. Extreme
hunger and poverty have been wiped out. According to the
UN, only a single percentage of residents live in real
poverty, ie less than a dollar a day.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Maldives, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care has also improved. Child mortality has
decreased, maternal care has improved and diseases such
as HIV / AIDS and malaria have been successfully
The previously serious shortage of fresh water has
been remedied by major investments. One of the remaining
problems for the Malé residents is widespread
Social life is characterized by Islam. Muslim living
rules are relatively strictly adhered to: alcohol
consumption is prohibited and family law rules such as
marriage, inheritance and testimony are followed. For
many citizens, Islam is a social foundation that creates
community and national identity. The Maldives is in many
ways an unusually homogeneous society. The residents
not only share religion but essentially also share
history, culture and language.
There is a certain level of social division, but it
is not very strict and the gaps between different groups
are not so great. A government job gives status, while
education is not as important. The social elite that can
be distinguished is found mainly in the capital Malé.
The strict interpretation of Islam makes the woman's
position weak from a Western perspective, for example in
marriage and in divorce. But traditionally, Maldivian
women have a stronger position than many women in the
rest of South Asia. The women in the Maldives are among
the most equal in the Muslim part of the world. They
have not been excluded from the public and most are
literate. Almost all girls go to school and many women
work professionally, especially in Malé.
A household usually consists of a nuclear family. By
law, a maldivian must be 18 to be allowed to marry, but
many women are still married at the age of 15. Although
Islamic law allows a man to have up to four wives,
polygamy is unusual in the Maldives.
Usually with divorce
In general, the religious statements in the Maldives
have usually been described as relatively liberal.
However, tendencies to more orthodox interpretations
have emerged in recent years, with influences from,
among others, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. Nowadays, for
example, women appear to completely cover their faces
while staying outdoors.
The combination of religiosity and the social control
that arises in small-scale societies has long meant that
crime has been limited and social problems small. In the
atoll communities, most are related to each other.
Respect for the elderly is important and the loyalty
within the family is great. In Malé, however, there is a
growing heroin addiction and some gang crime.
Somewhat unexpectedly, the Maldives has one of the
highest divorce rates in the world. One reason may be
that it is easy for a man to get a divorce under Islamic
law - he only needs to request it three times. But women
can also divorce. Another reason that has been stated is
the old fishing culture, where the man often disappeared
to atolls far away and perhaps formed a new family. A
third, more contemporary, reason that has been cited is
the extreme congestion in Malé that leaves no room for
any privacy for young, newly married couples.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
7 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
97.9 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
99.4 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
11.5 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 1,048 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
6 percent (2018)