Malta has a well-developed social insurance
system. Public healthcare and medicines are free of
charge for all citizens.
Malta has a well-developed social insurance system.
Public healthcare and medicines are free of charge for
all citizens. The tens of thousands of boat refugees who
have made their way to Malta since the 2004 EU accession
often live in difficult conditions.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Malta, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
During the economic upturn of the 1990s, the standard
of living of the Maltese rose and is now at the same
level as in other southern European countries.
Although measured by Western European dimensions is
not a rich country, it has a fairly comprehensive social
insurance system. All employees are entitled to a
minimum pension. Women born before 1952 can take their
pension from the age of 60 and men in the same age group
from the age of 61. For persons born from 1952, the
retirement age is gradually increased, up to 65 years.
But the pension system is not stable, especially when
the population is aging at the current rate. Several
measures, besides raising retirement ages, are likely to
be needed to ensure the levels of future Maltese
pensioners (see also Labor Market). The Government has
called on the Maltese to take out private pension
There are also sickness and accident compensation and
unemployment insurance. Women who give birth are
entitled to 14 weeks of fully paid maternity leave.
Social costs have risen due to population growth. A
private healthcare sector has emerged. The country has a
dozen larger hospitals with a total of over 1100
doctors. A new central hospital with research and
teaching was inaugurated in 2007 and was then one of the
most advanced hospitals in the Mediterranean region.
Increased violence against women in the home has
resulted in increased penalties for this type of crime.
A special commission has been appointed to monitor the
development of women's violence. There are
state-sponsored women's shelters for vulnerable women
and children. Women are poorly represented in the labor
market as well as in parliament, the government and
The strong position of the Catholic Church is evident
in the legislation. Abortion is illegal and can lead to
imprisonment both for those who perform an abortion and
for the woman herself. However, there are no
restrictions on contraception. Divorce was allowed only
after a law change in 2011. In 2014, it became possible
to register partnerships and in 2017 it became legal for
gay couples to marry.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
6 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
100.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
100.0 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
9.6 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 2,328 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
12 percent (2018)
Divorce bans are voted off
Parliament voted with 52 "yes" to 11 "no" to legalize divorce. The vote
figures are seen as a surprisingly big victory for the yes side. The proposal
has been tabled by a member of parliament from the Nationalist Party, despite
the fact that the party opposes the legalization of divorce. A majority of
Nationalist Party members vote yes and thus go against the party's official
stance. The Labor Party is also on the yes side. Among those who vote no are
Prime Minister Gonzi, who believes the law would weaken the family. Malta is the
last EU country to abandon the ban on divorce. The law comes into force in
Yes to a divorce in a referendum
In an advisory referendum, 54 percent of Maltese say yes to allowing divorce,
which is still illegal in the Catholic country at the time of the vote.
More refugees from Africa
Refugee flows from Africa to Malta are increasing due to the democratic
uprising in North Africa and the civil war in Libya.