The standard of living in Mauritius is among
the highest among developing countries. Eight percent of
the population lives below the poverty line, especially
vulnerable are black Creole.
On the island of Rodrigues, the standard of living is
considerably lower than on the main island.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Mauritius, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
The entire population has access to clean drinking
water. There is a well-developed state healthcare that
is free of charge. There are also a number of private
health clinics. Infant mortality is low and life
expectancy is high. Common causes of death are so-called
welfare diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular
Unemployment benefits are paid to family caregivers.
There is need-tested social assistance that is paid to
families with at least three children under 15 years. A
pension system was introduced in 1978 for anyone over 60
The Mauritanian households are often large and
consist of three generations and not infrequently of
several families. The older generation often lives with
their adult children. When the children get married, it
usually means that their family moves into the parents'
home until they can afford to rent or buy their own.
Women are often discriminated against in the labor
market and they usually have significantly lower wages
than men. They are also under-represented in politics,
both in Parliament and in the government. Domestic
trafficking in women is a major problem, but police
reports are rarely reported.
The children's situation is generally good. However,
there is information that child labor and child
prostitution occur. Trafficking in human beings has also
been reported despite the fact that it has been
prohibited by law since 2009.
Male homosexuality is illegal and taboo.
Discrimination due to sexual orientation in the
workplace is illegal.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
14 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
1.3 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
99.9 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
95.5 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
5.5 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 553 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
12 percent (2018)
Ministers resign in protest
MSM ministers leave the government and the Future Alliance in protest against
how the National Anti-Corruption Commission has handled Health Minister
Hanoomanjee. MSM leader Pravind Jugnauth is arrested, suspected of being
involved in corruption in the health care clinic.
Health Minister resigns
A corruption scandal bursts when the Minister of Health Santi Bai Hanoomanjee
from MSM is arrested, suspected of corruption. She is released on bail, but
resigns as minister.
President of India Pratibha Patil visits Mauritius.