The social differences between the rich and
the poor are large, partly as a result of the unequal
distribution of aid. City dwellers in the larger main
islands have generally performed better than farmers and
fishermen on the less developed outer islands. There is
sometimes lack of both running water and electricity.
While most micronesia now has access to clean water,
just over half have access to functioning sewers.
According to the United Nations Human Development Index
(HDI) in 2015, the country was below average both
globally and regionally.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Micronesia, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Most of the residents live in large families whose
members take responsibility for helping each other with
their livelihoods. Many of the Micronesian communities
are traditionally strictly hierarchical and customer
affiliation usually determines the social position.
In recent decades, however, the social system has
been influenced by more modern Western influences,
especially among young people. Respect for superiors,
for example, has diminished. The changes have also led
to new eating habits that have made welfare diseases
such as heart problems, diabetes and obesity a
widespread health problem (see Ethics and Use).
According to the World Health Organization, the
Micronesia Federation has one of the highest rates of
diabetes in its population in the world - 30 percent in
Health care is financed with US aid and works
relatively well. Outbreaks of dengue fever occur and
waterborne illnesses such as cholera are periodically a
problem. The social insurance systems are undeveloped,
but there are, for example, public pensions.
Men and women are equal before the law, but in
reality women are often subordinate to men. There are no
laws against abuse and rape within the marriage. Some
women are employed at the middle management level in the
public sector, but the representation of women in the
governing bodies is small.
The law prohibits prostitution. However, the country
has problems with human trafficking, so-called
trafficking, especially with women who are tricked into
the United States with promises of well-paid jobs but
who instead end up in prostitution. Prostitution also
occurs on fishing vessels in the waters around the
Micronesian islands, even with children involved.
Following pressure from the United States, the
Micronesian Parliament in 2012 passed a law prohibiting
trafficking. The situation has since improved.
Gay relationships are forbidden and punishable.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
26 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
88.4 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
88.3 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
13.1 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 387 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament