The Netherlands has one of the most
comprehensive social insurance systems in the EU. The
system is paid for with state funds, with employer
contributions and with contributions from the
individual. However, the costs of the system have
increased as a large proportion of the population
receives some kind of subsidy.
The Netherlands therefore began a major reform in the
mid-1990s. The aim was to reduce the running costs of
the state through privatizations, to make the complex
system more efficient and to make it more abusive. Rules
in occupational injury insurance have been changed so
that far fewer people than before are entitled to
sickness pension, while the level of compensation has
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Netherlands, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Employers have also been given increased
responsibility for both occupational injury insurance
and sickness insurance. The pension system has long
risked collapsing under increased costs, but in 2006 new
rules were introduced that provide lower compensation
but ensure the system's survival.
Health care is largely run privately, primarily by
religious or non-profit organizations. This also applies
to maternal and child care.
In the Netherlands, possession, consumption and sales
of small quantities of cannabis are allowed in special
coffeeshops since 1976. Sales are not directly
legal, but not punishable. The idea of tolerating
cannabis is to prevent the use of heavier drugs. The
criticism has at times been sharp in neighboring
countries and the laws have sharpened somewhat.
The Dutch women are well represented in politics and
administration compared to many other countries, but at
the same time the situation in the labor market is
uneven, with a significantly larger proportion of women
The Netherlands was the first in the world to allow
same-sex marriage, following a decision in 2000 that
came into force in 2001. At the same time, gays were
allowed to adopt.
The following year, the country became the first in
the world to allow euthanasia, in strictly regulated
forms, to seriously ill patients who in a convincing way
themselves asked to end their lives. Euthanasia may also
be given to minors from the age of twelve, but only with
parental consent. In 2017, almost 7,000 people chose to
die, which corresponds to just over 4 percent of all
deaths. There is also a debate about extending the
euthanasia law to include even the elderly who are not
sick, if they feel they have lived their lives.
Prostitution has long been allowed and in order to
gain better control over the business, brothels were
allowed in 1997. The ban on coupling was abolished in
2000. An effect of the permitted prostitution is a
comprehensive sexual trafficking of women and children.
Discrimination due to ethnicity is not allowed, but
the attitudes towards immigrants and refugees have
hardened since the turn of the millennium.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
3 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.2 percent (2017)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2017)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2017)
Proportion of population with access to clean
100.0 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
97.7 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
10.7 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
4,742 US dollars (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
36 percent (2018)
New government is formed
Prime Minister Rutte and his Liberal Deputy President form a new government
across the block, with the Social Democratic Labor Party. The parties have
agreed, among other things, on tax cuts and ceilings for unemployment benefits.
New elections are held
The Liberal Deputy CEO and the Labor Party PvdA are both moving forward when
new elections are held for Parliament, receiving 41 and 38 seats, respectively.
By contrast, voters Geert Wilders and the xenophobic PVV turn their backs, and
the party backs from 24 to 15 seats.
New party leader in CDA
The Christian Democratic Party CDA appoints Sybrand van Haersma Buma as party
The government is leaving
Prime Minister Mark Rutte submits his and the government's resignation
applications and thereby pays for new elections. Before that, the government has
failed to agree on the budget. The VVD and CDA have negotiated austerity
measures, as the pressured economic situation has led to a higher budget deficit
than EU rules allow and warnings have been made about lower credit ratings. But
PVV leader Geert Wilders has described the proposals as unacceptable.
New leader of the Labor Party
Former Greenpeace activist Diederik Samson is elected new party leader for
the Labor Party PvdA after Job Cohen, who has held the post since the summer of