In few countries, economic progress has had
so little impact on social development. Although
Pakistan has experienced rapid economic growth for long
periods, four residents were below the national
Yet the most screaming poverty rate has fallen during
the 2000s, partly thanks to extensive cash support for
the poorest families introduced in 2008, when rising
inflation in a short time almost halved the purchasing
power of a large part of the population. In addition to
cash support, the poor can also receive interest-free
loans and health insurance.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Pakistan, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is poor and generally worse than in other
countries in South Asia. Millions of people have no
access to health care whatsoever. The differences
between the city and the countryside are large, both in
terms of standard and accessibility.
Child mortality is high, as is the proportion of
malnourished children. The nutritional deficiency has
contributed to almost every second child being too short
in the plant. The proportion of women who die during
childbirth is also high.
Lung tuberculosis is a common disease, and Pakistan
is also one of the few countries in the world where
polio still exists. Attempts to curb the disease have
been disrupted by vaccination staff being attacked by
Islamist extremists who claim the vaccine is a Western
plot to sterilize Muslims. After the turn of the year
2014/2015, a clear reduction in polio cases was noted
after the military took control of the
Taliban-controlled areas where the polio vaccination
Pakistan suffers from water shortages, and more than
four in five residents are referred to drink
contaminated water according to authorities. Over three
million people are estimated to be ill every year due to
polluted water. The pollutants are mainly bacteria and
poisons, mainly arsenic. The bacteria cause, for
example, cholera, typhoid, dysentery, jaundice and
diarrhea, while arsenic causes diabetes, skin, kidney
and heart disease as well as birth defects and various
forms of cancer.
In rural areas, almost half of the residents have
access to a toilet, compared to the next three quarters
of the cities.
As a result of heroin smuggling from Afghanistan,
drug abuse has increased sharply since the 1980s.
Child and forced labor
Pakistan has adopted the UN Convention on the Rights
of the Child and most of the ILO Charter, including
those prohibiting children under the age of 14 from
working. In practice, millions of children are forced to
work for the family's livelihood. It also happens that
adults work under conditions that are similar to life
traits (see also Labor Market).
The situation of women
The most important social protection network is found
within the own extended family. The older men of the
family settle disputes, make sure everyone gets theirs
and represent the family outward. In the large families,
the old are taken care of, as far as resources are
concerned. There is no general retirement pension.
In most cases, marriage is still decided by the
parents and is as much a matter of appropriately uniting
two families, or bonding a family closer together, as
uniting a young couple.
Although women have important tasks within the
family, it is the man who decides and the woman's role
is to subordinate themselves. How a woman behaves is
crucial to how the family is perceived by her
surroundings. A woman who lives outside the community
without restrictions is considered shameless. The ideal
is because the woman stays in the home and has the least
possible contact with outsiders of the opposite sex.
Should she be staying outdoors she should be covered.
These restrictions are usually symbolically called
purdah (Persian for "curtain").
This view of women is widespread throughout society,
although social reasons have created exceptions. Among
rural poor people, the need for women's labor is so
great that in practice, purdah cannot be applied. Among
the educated middle class in the cities, extreme gender
segregation has also largely disappeared following the
influence of the West.
The weak position of women in society is an important
explanation for the slow social development. Rape and
group rape are rarely reported. In 2006, Parliament
decided that rape should be tried by civil courts under
ordinary criminal law. Earlier trial in Sharia courts
forced a woman to prove the abuse with the help of four
male witnesses, which meant that most rapists went free
and the women were often convicted of lewdness. In 2016,
the sentence for rape on children or disabled life
imprisonment or the death penalty was increased.
The strong weight attached to the family's honor has
a terrible back in the form of so-called honor-related
violence (also murder) against women. There are no
reliable statistics, as society's various actors
collectively silence the phenomenon. The "culture of
honor" is so strongly linked to prevailing moral rules
and societal views that the murders in these parts of
the country are not perceived as crimes and therefore
not reported to the police. It was not until autumn 2016
that honor killings were criminalized since several
well-known women were murdered by close relatives during
the year. Honor killings can now give life imprisonment.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
57 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
88.5 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
59.9 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
2.7 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 40 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
21 percent (2018)
Around 60 are killed by US drones
Nearly 60 suspected Islamists are killed by drones in the Khyber clan area.
The US spy chief in Pakistan is taken home for security reasons since his name
Pakistan's nuclear weapons concern the US
Internet site Wikileaks publishes US diplomatic reports, showing that the US
is more concerned about the security of the Pakistani nuclear arsenal than it
has been publicly stated.
Christian woman sentenced to death
In Punjab province, a Christian woman is sentenced to death for insulting
Prophet Muhammad. The pope appeals for her release and a minister calls on a
higher court to which the judgment has been appealed to give her a fair trial.
Musharraf forms a new party
Former President Musharraf forms a new party, the All-Pakistan Muslim League,
and says he intends to run for it in the 2013 parliamentary elections.
German Islamists are killed by drones
Five German citizens are among eight Islamists killed in an attack by an
unmanned US aircraft, a so-called drone, in North Waziristan. This and several
similar attacks in a short time are linked to warnings of terrorism in Germany
and other European countries.
Worst flooding in modern times
Unusually heavy monsoon rains trigger the worst floods in Pakistan in modern
times. At least 20 million people have their homes and fields destroyed or lost.
Up to 1,800 people drown. Hundreds of thousands suffer from diseases.
Internet services are monitored
Authorities are starting to monitor a number of Internet services, including
Google, Yahoo and Youtube, to block pages that are considered to violate Muslim
"ISI supports Taliban"
An investigation by the London School of Economics claims that the Pakistani
military intelligence service ISI is deeply committed to supporting the Afghan
Taliban financially and organizationally. ISI staff even attend the Taliban
council meetings, the report said by ISI.
Significantly increased defense funding
The PPP government announces that the defense budget will be increased by 17
percent and that most of this money will go to fighting militant Islamists.
Around 100 dead in assaults on ahmadiya
Nearly 100 people are killed in two concerted suicide attacks in Lahore
against members of the ahmadiya movement, considered by other Muslims as a
heretical sect (that is, not following proper doctrine).
Police receive UN criticism for Bhutto murder
A UN report states that the December 2007 murder of Benazir Bhutto could have
been avoided had she been adequately protected. According to the report, the
police failed to investigate the murder properly, as it feared that it was the
security service that had killed Bhutto. The report causes several senior police
officers and intelligence officers to be fired.
Northwestern border province becomes Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
The Northwest Border Province changes its name to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to
reflect the Pashtunian character of the area.
The president's power is diminished
Parliament adopts a comprehensive constitutional amendment, which will
correct the amendments to the basic constitutional text of 1973 passed by former
dictators. The powers of the President are thus drastically reduced.
Army: "Bajaur is cleared"
The army claims to have driven all militant Islamists out of the Bajaur clan
area, where fighting has been going on since August 2008.