The population of Saint Kitts and Nevis has
fared better than the residents of many of the
neighboring countries, if one looks at the gross
domestic product (GDP) per person. However, the social
and economic differences are large between different
groups in society.
Many families live in the countryside and feed on
farming for self-sufficiency. In this group, the level
of education is low and teenage pregnancies are common.
When the sugar plantations were closed down in 2005,
many farm workers moved to the cities or abroad in
search of new supply opportunities.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in St. Kitts and Nevis, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is relatively well developed and the
general state of health among the residents is quite
good. The two islands each have their own hospital and
there are also local nurses and some health centers.
Almost the entire population has access to clean water
and only a few percent live in houses without sewage.
The social insurance system with, among other things,
old-age pension, sickness and accident compensation and
parental benefit only covers those who have an
employment or own company. The rest of the population
lacks social protection networks and must rely on family
Drug abuse and drug-related crime are widespread
problems. The murder rate is one of the highest in the
world. Accidents, where crime-related injuries are
counted, are one of the most common causes of death.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
10 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
99.0 percent (2013)
Proportion of the population having access to
91.6 percent (2013)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
5.6 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
$ 931 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
13 percent (2018)
The total road network covers more than 30
km. About a third of the roads are paved. There is a
ring road on both the main island of Saint Kitts and the
smaller island of Nevis.
At Saint Kitts there is a narrow gauge railway. It
was previously used for sugar transport but is now
operated only as a tourist attraction.
The capital Basseterre has a deep harbor and a cruise
ship terminal. In the town of Sandy Point there is a
smaller port. Nevis has three ports: one in Charlestown,
one in Long Point Port and one in Newcastle. There is a
ferry between Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Outside Basseterre is an international airport whose
runway has been extended with assistance from Taiwan.
The airport links the country with the US, Canada, the
UK and several countries in the Caribbean. There is also
a smaller airport at Nevis with routes to the main
island and other Caribbean islands. Saint Kitts and
Nevis are partners in the regional airline Liat.