They have great social differences between
different groups in society. The crisis in the banana
industry (see Economic overview) has hit many growers
hard, and a large part of the islanders live in poverty
and depend on agriculture for self-sufficiency. Many
children in poor families have to work to contribute to
their family's livelihood.
Most of the poor people live in rural areas in poor
housing. A small part lacks access to clean water and
drains. The government has tried to implement support
measures and poverty has gradually reduced.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in St. Lucia, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
The healthcare system is well-developed and includes
several hospitals and dozens of health centers. Most
children are vaccinated against serious illnesses such
as TB and measles. The social protection network with
sickness benefit, maternity allowance and unemployment
benefit mainly comprises those who have an employment.
Violence against women and children is a problem, as
is drug use in the wake of international drug
trafficking in the country. Poverty combined with drug
trafficking contributes to widespread crime. The number
of murders per year more than doubled from 2000 to 2010,
when 44 people were murdered. Four years later, the
number of murders had dropped to 34, which is
nevertheless a high figure in relation to the
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
15 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
98.2 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
88.4 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.0 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 490 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
17 percent (2018)
The road network is in relatively good
condition after being refurbished during the 2000s and
2010s. There is no railroad.
Ports can be found in the towns of Castries and Vieux
Fort. A smaller port is also located in Soufrière.
Regular ferries go to nearby islands.
Saint Lucia has two airports. From Saint Lucia there
are flights to the USA, Europe and most of the Caribbean
islands. Saint Lucia is a partner in the regional