In 2008, São Tomé and Príncipe took the step
from low- to middle-income countries. Still, around half
of the residents are counted as poor and about one in
twenty children suffer from malnutrition. But there are
bright spots. Life expectancy has increased, child
mortality has decreased and more people now have access
to clean drinking water.
According to statistics from the UN development
agency UNDP, the proportion of poor people amounts to
just under 50 percent of the population and the
proportion of extremely poor people to 16 percent. This
is a decrease compared to the years after the turn of
the millennium when 54 percent was classified as poor
and just over 19 percent as extremely poor.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Sao Tome and Principe, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Compared to other African countries, the standard of
healthcare is high, even though there is a shortage of
both staff, medicines and other materials. Aid money is
sometimes used to buy medicines and to keep hospitals
running. São Tomé and Príncipe are also dependent on
temporary donations of medicines or money from foreign
governments and NGOs.
Respiratory and diarrheal diseases are common. The
fact that diarrhea is so common is largely due to the
fact that just over one third of the population has
access to functioning sewers. However, the supply of
clean water has improved significantly. Nowadays, 97
percent of the tomeans have the opportunity to get clean
water. In the past, malaria was common, but with the
help of foreign aid, the authorities managed to fight
the disease with mosquito nets and pesticides.
Estimates state that around one percent of the
population is HIV-infected, ie 2,300 people, of whom 400
are children. HIV / AIDS is seen as shameful and it
appears that sick family members are being displaced.
The state offers free HIV tests and infected sheep
receive free brake medication.
Government employees are covered by social insurance,
which includes sickness benefits and pensions. However,
the majority of the residents lack formal employment
and may in crisis situations rely on the family or other
Violence against women is punishable even in the
home, but women's abuse and rape are still common. These
crimes are rarely reported to the police, which is
partly because many women do not know their rights or
lack confidence in the police and the judicial system.
The proportion of teenage pregnancies is high.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
24 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
79.7 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
43.0 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
9.8 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 105 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
18 percent (2018)