The social divisions have increased in
Slovakia since independence in 1993. Public servants,
pensioners and Roma have been hardest hit by the
political and economic transformations brought about by
the adjustment to the EU and the market economy.
There is a public social insurance system, which
includes pensions, sickness and unemployment benefits
and parental benefit. It is financed through fees from
both employers and employees.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Slovakia, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is mainly state, but parts of health
care, such as pharmacies and health resorts, have been
privatized. Low wages and poor working conditions have
led to a medical shortage, when many left the profession
or emigrated. The average life expectancy is lower than
in the "old" EU countries, despite the reduction in
child mortality, from 18 to 9 per thousand born between
1990 and 2010.
Slovakia's 350,000-500,000 Roma live in particularly
difficult conditions. Most live in some of the more than
600 barracks-like areas on the outskirts of the
neglected eastern Slovakia. The unemployment rate among
the Roma is estimated at 40-50 percent, but in some
areas in the east, entire villages depend on social
assistance to cope.
The government's decision to halve social grants in
2004 triggered riots among Roma in several parts of the
eastern part of the country.
The difficult situation has resulted in groups of
Roma leaving Slovakia and seeking political asylum in
countries in Western Europe since the late 1990s. Most
have been rejected. In the negotiations for Slovak
membership in the Union, the EU demanded that the living
conditions of the Roma be improved, but little progress
has been made.
During the 2010 election campaign, there were openly
racist campaigns against the Roma population. It was
then also revealed that the Slovak government did not
use any of the EU contribution the country received in
2001 to improve the situation of the Roma.
By law, women and men are equal, but in reality women
still play a less prominent role in Slovakia. The fact
that the Prime Minister in 2010–2012 was a woman, Iveta
RadičovŠ, was a big step forward. But after the 2012
election, only 26 of the 150 MEPs were women, placing
Slovakia among the European states with the lowest
proportion of women in parliament. Similarly, the number
of female managers in the business sector is few.
Violence against women is still widespread. Human rights
organizations in the country claim that every other
woman is subjected to domestic violence at least once a
Childhood is also a problem. Aga is not prohibited by
law and is often used to make children obey. Slovak
families usually consist of a nuclear family where the
children are raised to be quiet, listen to and obey the
The ban on all forms of discrimination in 2004 also
strengthened the rights of homosexuals, bisexuals and
transsexuals. In 2010, for the first time, a pride
festival could also be held in Bratislava. Opinion
surveys show that there is a greater tolerance for
sexual minorities than before.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
5 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
97.9 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
97.9 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.9 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 1,179 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
20 percent (2018)
New law restricts minority language
Parliament adopts a law restricting the use of minority languages in
contacts with the authorities (see Population and Languages).
Elections to the European Parliament
Only 19.6 percent of voters vote in the European Parliament elections. It is
the lowest figure among EU countries. Direction-Social Democracy (Smer-SD) gets
32 percent (5 seats), Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ-DS) 17 percent
(2 seats), Hungarian Coalition Party (SMK-MKP) 11 percent (2 seats), Christian
Democratic Movement (KDH) 11 percent (2 mandates), the People's Party Movement
for a Democratic Slovakia (ĽS-HZDS) 9 percent (1 mandate) and SNS 6 percent (1
Bro, a new political party that wants to promote more cooperation between
minority people and better social welfare, is formed by defectors from the
Hungarian party SMK-MKP.
Nationalist statement on textbook in Hungarian
JŠn Slota, leader of the Swedish National Extremist Nationalist Party (SNS)
who is a member of the government, makes controversial statements about a Slovak
textbook in Hungarian. As a result, a scheduled meeting between Prime Minister
Robert Fico and his Hungarian colleague is canceled.
Gašparovič remains as president
Ivan Gašparovič, from the Democracy Movement (HZD), is elected for a second
term as president.
Abuse on Roma children
Through a film, it is revealed how ten policemen commit serious abuses on a
group of Roma children in eastern Slovakia. Several of the police officers are
dismissed and prosecuted later (see Political system).
Liberals form a party
A new liberal party is formed, Freedom and Democracy (SaS).
Euro new currency
Slovakia exchanges its currency koruna for euro.