Togo is a poor country also measured by
African dimensions. In terms of GDP per person, Togo
belongs to the poorest quarter of Africa's countries.
More than half of Togolese live in poverty, according to
the African Development Bank.
The vast majority of Togolese have only the social
protection network provided by the traditional extended
family and the village community. For workers in the
official sector, there is a certain social protection,
including accident, disability and maternity benefits.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Togo, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is suffering from a lack of equipment and
medicines and the allocation that the state invests in
healthcare is unevenly distributed. The shortage of
trained staff is great. There is a doctor of 10,000
Common diseases that often lead to death in Togo are
malaria, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and amoeba
infections. At the end of the 2010s, 73 children of
1,000 died before the age of five.
The hygienic conditions are bad in many places; just
over one in three Togolese still lack access to clean
water and fewer than a fifth of the population have
Violence against women is common in Togo, especially
in the homes. Women are also discriminated against in
various ways, even though the Constitution prohibits
discrimination on grounds of gender. Among other things,
under traditional laws, women have no inheritance right
at the death of their spouse and no right to maintenance
Women's representation in the state sector, in
parliament and in political parties is low. But after a
constitutional change in 2013, the political parties'
lists of candidates for the elections must consist of an
equal number of women and men.
The proportion of women who have been subjected to
genital mutilation, which is prohibited by law since
1998, has decreased from 12 percent in 1996 to 2 percent
at the end of the 2010s.
Crime is high. The trade in weapons, drugs and people
is extensive, as is the laundering of black money. Togo
is notorious for its extensive trade in children, also
as a transit country to other countries. In the past,
people dealing with children could avoid punishment, but
since 2005 both those who organize the trade and those
who exploit children can be sentenced to prison.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
47 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
2.3 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
1.0 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.5 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
62.8 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
16.1 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.6 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
$ 39 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
18 percent (2018)
The death penalty is abolished
Parliament voted unanimously for a bill that would abolish the death penalty
and convert existing death sentences into life imprisonment; The last execution
in Togo was executed in 1978.
The president's brother is arrested for coup attempt
On Easter Day, a fire erupts around a house where President Faure
Gnassingbe's half-brother Kpatcha lives. At least two soldiers are killed when
security forces fight with soldiers loyal to the brother. He is an influential
member of parliament and of the RPT party and he was Minister of Defense in
2005-2007. Kpatcha is accused of preparing a coup, which he denies. He is placed
under house arrest but is arrested after unsuccessfully seeking asylum at the US