Thanks to the oil and gas resources, Trinidad
and Tobago is one of the richest countries in the region
and the average income is relatively high. However, the
income has not benefited everyone. Drug-related violence
is a major problem, as is violence against women.
About one-fifth of the population, mainly residents
of African descent, is estimated to live in poverty in
substandard housing, with poor access to water and
sanitation and in the absence of proper medical care.
The government has tried to improve the situation of the
poor, among other things by raising the state pension
and allowing cheap housing to be built.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Trinidad and Tobago, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Violence and crime have increased significantly since
the early 1990s. A large proportion of the offenses are
drug-related. Violence against women is a major societal
problem, but an active women's movement has at least
openly discussed the problem.
Healthcare, which is mainly state-run, is
well-developed, free of charge and works relatively
well. The social insurance system includes accident,
sickness and maternity allowance as well as old-age
pension and unemployment benefits.
Family law makes a certain difference between
different groups of people. Muslim girls can be married
at age 12 and Hindu at 14 (boys must be 14 and 16,
respectively), while marriage age in non-religious
contexts is 18 years for both sexes.
As in the Caribbean as a whole, the gender roles in
Trinidad and Tobago are traditional. Although women are
allowed to study to the same extent as men today, they
are expected to take care of homes, households and
children. Gay relationships are prohibited by law, but
penalties are rarely punished. In the larger cities and
tourist towns, the field of vision is greater than in
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
16 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
96.9 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
93.4 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.0 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 1,064 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
31 percent (2018)