The low-level security that existed during
the Soviet era waned away after independence. The
standard of living is still low and the health situation
All kinds of social grants and subsidies were
abolished or eroded during the economic crisis of the
1990s, when household savings went up in smoke. Large
groups got worse. Growth in the early 2000s led to a
clear improvement for the majority, but wars and new
financial difficulties have made the situation tough
again. The World Bank wrote in 2019 that it would take
50 years for Ukraine, with the growth that existed then,
to reach Poland's income levels.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Ukraine, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
A large part of the population lives in poverty.
According to domestic criteria, approximately one in
four residents are poor, but with other calculation
bases the figure is considerably higher. Only about a
tenth of the population is considered middle class.
The Romans are a particularly vulnerable group. About
two-thirds of adult Roma cannot read and write, and
among the Roma in western Ukraine, about 15 percent have
Ukraine has plenty of hospitals and other healthcare
facilities and has more sickness beds in relation to the
population than most Western European countries, but the
standard of care is low. Hygiene is often poor and there
is a great lack of medicines and other equipment. Health
care is basically free of charge, but some expensive
treatments now have to be paid by the patient. Often,
bribes are also needed for healthcare professionals and
doctors. Mortality is high not only for one country in
Europe, but also globally.
Poverty and social insecurity have greatly
deteriorated public health. Diseases such as diphtheria
and cholera have increased. Tuberculosis (TB) is also a
major problem. There are about half a million known TB
cases, but the number of infected can be twice as large.
Ukraine is also the country in Europe that has the most
cases of HIV. According to the UN agency Unaids, almost
a quarter of Ukrainians carry HIV.
Ukraine has, for a number of years, had one of the
lowest rates of vaccination in the world. Few are
vaccinated against diphtheria, whooping cough and
tetanus. Behind the low rate of vaccination, not only is
the country's economic problem but also a widespread
distrust of vaccines. When conflict erupted in eastern
Ukraine in 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO)
warned of an emergency health care crisis. There was a
large shortage of medicines and the country had no
supply of vaccines.
In 2015, two cases of polio were detected in
southwestern Ukraine. Two young children had been
paralyzed. The proportion of vaccinated children had
decreased steadily in connection with the country's
economic crisis. In 2014, not even half of the children
were vaccinated. Ukraine received UN assistance in
combating the outbreak and implementing a comprehensive
Measles has also been spread, as a relatively small
proportion of the population has been vaccinated. In
2018, more than 50,000 of Europe's nearly 83,000
registered cases occurred in Ukraine, and 16 of 72 known
deaths. This happened despite the fact that vaccination
campaigns with the support of UN organizations had been
carried out, especially the year before.
An increased number of malformations, cancer cases
and diseases of the respiratory tract and stomach have
been linked by radiation from the Chernobyl nuclear
accident in 1986, but according to the World Health
Organization (WHO) and the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA) it can only be proved that the cases of
thyroid cancer in children.
Alcohol abuse is widespread and contributes to low
life expectancy among men. Problems with drugs have
started to grow in some cities in the south.
Trafficking in women who are attracted or forced to
prostitute in Western countries is also a major problem.
The International Migration Organization (IOM) estimates
that more than 160,000 Ukrainians have been victims of
human trafficking since independence. The problem has
increased following the outbreak of the war in 2014,
which has also led to many being forced to leave their
homes. UN organizations have since estimated that there
are more than 1.5 million internal refugees in Ukraine.
Surrogate maternity allowance is allowed in Ukraine.
Clinics in Ukraine market specifically to childless
couples in other countries where it is forbidden.
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
8 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
1.0 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
97.7 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to
96.2 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.1 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 141 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
12 percent (2018)
New electoral law is expected to benefit the government
A new electoral law is enacted according to which 225 of the members of
parliament will be elected from party lists according to a proportional
distribution and the rest 225 in direct elections in one-man constituencies (see
further Political system). The legislative amendment is expected to benefit the
ruling Party of Regions and strengthen President Yanukovych's opportunities to
be re-elected in 2015.
Tymoshenko is sentenced to prison
Tymoshenko is sentenced to seven years in prison, three years of operating
bans and damages to the state's energy companies, equivalent to SEK 1.3 billion.
The verdict concerns abuse of power. Tymoshenko swears innocent and responds
despite the verdict. Amnesty International condemns the trial as politically
motivated. Shortly after the verdict, several new charges are filed against
Tymoshenko, for embezzlement, tax breaks, theft and violations of the currency
regulations in the 1990s. Just before New Year, she is moved from a detention
center in Kiev to a prison camp in the Kharkiv region of eastern Ukraine.
The EU threatens Ukraine
The EU criticizes the trial of Tymoshenko and warns that the Union's
cooperation agreement with Ukraine is in danger.
Tymoshenko is arrested
A lawsuit against Tymoshenko that began in July continues and the court
decides to arrest her, formally for court-martialed by mocking the judge on
Twitter. Tymoshenko's supporters claim that President Yanukovych is behind, and
they are pitching tents outside the court. After a short time in detention,
Tymoshenko's health is reported to have suddenly deteriorated. She is said to
have had bruises all over her body and it is speculated that she was poisoned,
such as Viktor Yushchenko in 2004.
The retirement age is being raised
Parliament approves a contentious pension reform, which involves, among other
things, a gradual raising of the retirement age for women from 55 to 60 years;
The reform has been met by angry popular protests, but it is a condition for
getting delayed $ 15 billion loans from the IMF.
Ex-president is suspected of journalist murder
A judicial inquiry is being launched against former President Kuchma for
involvement in the murder of journalist Gongadze 2000. According to prosecutors,
Kuchma is suspected of abuse of power and of having ordered the brutal murder.
The Prosecutor General's Office announced in September 2010 that Gongadze was
murdered on the orders of the then Interior Minister Yury Kravchenko, who
himself died in 2005. July 2009). However, the murder
investigation against Kuchma is closed at the end of the year, when the judge
says that a tape recording that was said to show the ex-president's involvement
cannot be used as evidence because the lawyers gained access to the tape in an