Since the turn of the millennium, Uzbekistan
has made some progress in the fight against problems
such as poverty and malnutrition. According to official
statistics, the proportion of poor people has fallen
from almost one-third of the population in 2001 to
one-seventh a few years into the 2010s.
Living standards dropped significantly after
independence in 1991 as a result of economic downturn
and high inflation. In addition, the population grew
rapidly and the proportion of residents living below the
national poverty line increased sharply. The social gaps
widened, and environmental degradation and lack of water
and arable land aggravated the problems.
Countryaah Official Site:
Official statistics for population in Uzbekistan, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Since the turn of the millennium, the income
distribution has been leveled slightly and special
investments have been made on vulnerable population
groups, such as unemployed young people and poor rural
residents. Among other things, the government has tried
to create new jobs in the countryside.
Deficiencies in health care
The Soviet social security system, including pensions
and maternity benefits, remains. However, the
contributions have been severely eroded. Students,
pensioners and other low-income groups receive extra
grants. Some groups also benefit from lower taxes and
sometimes avoid paying rent.
The social protection network is based on two state
funds financed by the taxpayers. These funds pay out
retirement and sickness pensions as well as unemployment
benefits and pay retraining courses for the unemployed.
Since the 1990s, grants have been paid to low-income
earners and to families with children under 16. Special
support is paid to mothers with children under two
Although the health care system - even a legacy from
the Soviet era - holds a reasonably acceptable standard,
it has been adversely affected by the emigration of
Russian doctors and lack of money. However, government
grants for healthcare have increased in recent years.
The worst is the conditions in the countryside, where in
many places there is a shortage of medicines and medical
equipment. In larger cities, there are private clinics
for those who can afford it. It is often possible to
bribe past the long care queues.
Tuberculosis, jaundice, diphtheria and
gastrointestinal disorders are problems, especially in
the Karakalpakstan on Lake Aral, and cardiovascular
diseases and chronic liver problems have increased.
Another health problem is the poor drinking water.
Drug abuse is widespread, especially in Tashkent and
in the areas closest to Afghanistan, where drug
smuggling is widespread.
Uzbekistan is a male-dominated class society. The old
"nomenclature" of the Soviet era (that is, higher party
officials), government officials, and leading militaries
has retained its extensive privileges.
Legally, the woman's position is relatively good, but
in practice it looks different. When the inheritance for
parents is distributed, the sons usually receive about
twice as much as the daughters. The house is usually
inherited by the youngest son, whose responsibility it
is to stay there and take care of any remaining parent.
The wife is responsible for the household, including the
About half of all employed people are women, but
almost all managerial positions and higher
administrative positions are held by men. Women are also
underrepresented in politics.
Marriage is central to Uzbek life, as the family is
the hub of society. Arranged marriages are still common
in the countryside. Most marry early (women get married
at age 17, men at 18).
In divorce, it is almost always the mother who gets
custody of the children. All children are expected to
participate in the family's work and household chores.
Respect for the elderly is important and the children
learn early to never oppose an adult.
Human trafficking of women and girls is prohibited
but still occurs. Women's abuse is also prohibited by
law, but if domestic violence occurs, it is often seen
as a family affair rather than a crime.
Traditional values mean that sexual minorities are
rarely accepted. They therefore belong to the most
vulnerable groups in society and are often subjected to
harassment. Sexual intercourse between men is
punishable, but prosecution is unusual. There is no
corresponding law that prohibits gay relationships
FACTS - SOCIAL CONDITIONS
19 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected
0.2 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men
0.1 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean
91.5 percent (2012)
Proportion of the population having access to
100.0 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a
percentage of GDP
6.2 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person
US $ 135 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament
16 percent (2018)
About 40 children are infected with HIV in hospitals
Anonymous spokeswoman for the health authorities reveals that more than 40
children have been infected with the HIV virus at a hospital in the city of
Uzbekistan leaves Eurasec
Uzbekistan announces that it is leaving the Eurasian Economic Community
(Eurasec) (see January 2006).
The EU eases sanctions once again
The EU is further easing the sanctions against Uzbekistan imposed after the
May 2005 massacre in Andizan.
Regime-critical journalist is imprisoned
Regime-critical journalist Solijon Abdurachmanov is sentenced to ten years in
prison for drug offenses. He claims that the charges are invented.
HRW representative is thrown out
The regime expels Igor Vorontsov, representative of the human rights
organization Human Rights Watch.
Regime-critical poet is imprisoned
Regime-critical poet Yusuf Juma is sentenced to five years of forced labor
for attacking the police in connection with a demonstration.
Protests against presidential daughters
Protesters are protesting that President Gulnara Karimova's daughter is
organizing a fashion show in New York, while reports show that Uzbek children
are being forced to participate in the cotton harvest.
The US is admitted to the air base
The US is allowed to conduct some operations at the Termez airbase at the
The death penalty is abolished
Uzbekistan abolishes the death penalty.